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110 Cards in this Set

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NAME THE 5 CELL FUNCTIONS
REPRODUCTION, CONDUCTION, CONTRACTION, SECRETION, SUPPORT
THE 4 ELEMENTS INVOLVED WITH CELLS
CARBON, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, HYDROGEN
NUTRIENETS INVOLVED
CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS, PROTEINS
METABOLISIM
MAINTAINS HOMEOSTASIS, FOR ALL THE CELL PROCESSES
NAME THE 2 STAGES OF MATABOLISM
ANABOLIC--BUILDS UP-OSTEOBLAST
CATABOLISM--BREAKS DOWN-OSTECLASTS
PHAGOCYTES
ABILITY TO EAT SOMETHING
PINOCYTES
CELL DRINKING
ECTODERM
OUTER-SKIN HAIR FINGER NAILS ETC
MESODERM
INBETWEEN- MUSCLES, FASCIA, TENDONS
ENDODERM
INNER MOST--LINING OF THE ALAMENTERY CANAL
NAME THE 2 TYPES OF CELL DIVISION
MITOSIS--CREATES 2 IDENTICAL CELLS
MEISOSIS--HALF AND HALF LIKE ME
INNERPHASE
LONGEST STAGE OF CELL DIVISION
TUMOR
UNCOTROLLED CELL DIVISION
TISSUE
A GROUP OF CELLS WORKING TOGETHER TO PERFORM A SIMILAR FUNCTION
NAME THE 4 TYPES OF TISSUE
MUSCLE, NERVE, CONNECTIVE AND EPITHELIAL
MUCOUS MEMBRANE
EXPOSED TO THE OUTSIDE
SEROUS MEMBRANE
LINES INTERNAL CAVITIES
EPITHELIAL
LINING, LINE INTERNAL ORGANS, ALLOWS THINGS TO GO IN AND OUT
ABSORB AND EXCRETE
NAME THE 3 TYPES OF EPITHELIAL TISSUES
SIMPLE, STRATIFIED, GLANDULAR
4 TYPES OF SIMPLE EPITHELIAL
SQUAMOUS, CUBOIDAL, COLUMNAR, PSEUDOSTARTIFIED COLUMNAR
SQUAMOUS
LINE THE HEART, BLOOD VESSELS, LOTS OF DIFFUSION
CUBOIDAL
SECRETE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT BRONCHIOLES
COLUMNAR
GI TRACT MICROVILLI, SCRETE AND ABSORB
PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLMNAR
RESPIRATORY TRACT
2 TYPES OF STRATIFIED EPITHELIAL TISSUE
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS--SKIN, KERANTINIZED
TRANSITIONAL--VOLUME CHANGE, BLADDER
2 TYPES OF GLANDULAR
EXOCRINE--SWEAT,OIL
ENDOCRINE--SERECTES INTO THE BLOOD STREAM
4 TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
LIQUID, OSSEOUS, CARTILAGE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER
LIQUID
BLOOD
OSSEOUS
BONE
CARTLILAGE
HYALINE, FIBROCARTLIAGE, ELASTIC
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER
LOOSE AREOLAR--SUPERFICIAL
ADIPOSE--INSULATION
DENSE REGULAR LIGAMENTS,TENDONS
DENSE IRREGULAR--DEEPFASCIA
ALL TISSUES CONTAIN WHAT 3 THINGS
CELLS--FAT, FIBROBLASTS
FIBERS-COLLAGEN IN 40% ELASTIN IN SKIN AND BLOOD VESSELS
MATRIX-GROUND SUBSTANCE
THIXOTROPISM
CHANGE FROM GEL TO SOL
FIBROCARTILAGE
PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, INTERVERTEBRAL DISC, DENSE FIBERS, -----CHONDROCYTES
ELASTIC
MORE MATRIX, EXTERNAL EAR, NOSE, LESS COLLAGEN, MORE MATRIX, MORE CELLS
HYALINE
ENDS OF LONG BONES, COMPRESSABLE-AVASCULAR, NO NERVES, ABSORBS NUTRENTS FROM SYNOVIAL FLUID
LOOSE AREOLAR
SUPERFIACAL FASCIA--JUST DEEP TO THE SKIN
ADIPOSE
FAT, ALOT OF CELLS, LITTLE MATRIX, MODERATE MATRIX, SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE
DENSE REGULAR
LIGAMENTS, TENSDONS
DENSE IRREGULAR
DEEP FASCIA
4 FUNCTIONS OF MUSCLE TISSUE
MOBILITY, MOTILITY, STABILTY, THERMOGENISIS
3 TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE
SMOOTH, CARDIAC, SKELETAL
4 CHARACTERISTICS OF MUSCLE CELLS
CONTRACTABILTY, EXCITIBLITY, EXTENSIBLITY, ELASTICITY
WHAT PERCENT OF MUSCLE IS WATER
75%
WHAT DOES THE SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM STORE
CALCIUM
WHAT DO T-TUBULES DO
TRANSMIT ELECTRO IMPULSE
ISOTONIC
MUSCLE CHANGES LENGTH
ISOMETRIC
SAME LENGTH
HYOERTROPHY
MUSCLES CELLS GET LARGER
ATROPHY
SHIRIKING OF THE MUSCLE CELL
TREPPE
THE MORE YOU USE IT THE MORE EFFICENT IT BECOMES
TETANY
CONTINUOUS CONTRACTIONS
MUSCLE SPINDLES
LOCATED IN THE MUSCLE BELLYS-DETECTS STRETCH THAT IS TOO RAPID, HELPS PREVENT OVER STRETCHING
GOLGI TENDON ORGAN
LOCATED AT THE MUSCULOTENDOUS JUNCTION--ALLOWS RELAXATION DURING STRETCH
RECIPROCAL INHABITION
USE ANTAGONIST TO RELEASE AGNOSIT
ANAEROBIC
MUSLES ACTING WITH OUT OXYEGEN, BY PRODUCT IS LACTIC ACID, IRRIATES NERVE ENDINGS
SLOW TWITCH
RED MEAT, FATIGUE RESISTENT, GETS LOTS OF OXYGEN, MYOGLOBIN MAKES IT RED, WORK ALL OF THE TIME
INTERMIDIATE
PINK MUSCLE--HAS READ AND WHITE FIBERS
FAST TWITCH
USE A LOT OF ATP IN A SHORT TIME-- SHORT POWERFULL BURST
PARALLEL
BOTH ENDS ARE IN TENDON
FUSIFORM
MORE SPINDAL SHAPED THAN PARALLEL
CIRCULAR
SHPINCTER
PENNATE
TENDON RUNS THE LENGTH OF THE MUSCLE
MULTIPENNATE
MOST POWERFUL ARRANGEMENT
3 FUNCTIONS OF TEH NERVOUS SYSTEM
DETECT SENSORY INPUT, INTERPRET, MOTOR OUTPUT TO MUSCLES
NAME THE PARTS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD
NAME THE PARTS OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
ALL NERVES OUTSIDE OF THE CENTERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
NAME THE FOUR PARTS OF THE PNS
AUTOMATIC, SOMATIC, SYPATHTIC, PARASYMPATHTIC
2 TYPES OF NERVE TISSUE
NEURONS, NEURAGLIA
NEURONS
CONDUCTIONG CELLS
NEURAGLIA
GLIAL CELL CONNETIVE TISSUE PROVIDES SUPPORT
3 PARTS OF THE NERVE CELL
DENDRITES, BODY AND AXON
DENDRITES
AFFERENT, RECEIVE AND TRANSMITE STIMULI TO CELL BODY
CELL BODY
CONTAINS, NUCLEUS, ORGANELLS NISSEL BODY
AXON
EFFERENT-TAKES SIGNAL AWAY FOR CELL BODY
2 CHARACTERISTIC OF NEURONS
EXCITABLITY-ABILITY TO CONVERT STIMULIS TO NEREVE IMPULSE
CONDUCTABLITY- ABLITY TO TRANSMIT IMPULSE
2 TYPES OF NEURAGLI(GLIAL CELLS)
OLGODENDROCYTES--PRODUCE MYELIN IN THE CNS
SCHWANN CELLS
SCHWANN CELLS
PRODUCE MYELIN IN PNS, ENCLOSES MYELIN IN S SHEATH OF SCHWANN
MYELIN
INSULATION TO PREVENT INTERFERENCE
NERVES IN THE PNS CAN REGENERATE
NERVES IN THE PNS CAN REGENERATE
NAME 3 TYPES OF NEURONS
SENSORY, ASSOCIATION, MOTOR
SENSORY NEURONS
DETECT STIMULI--AFFERENT
ASSOCIATION
INTERNEORONS MOST NUMEROUS CONNECT MOTOR AND SENSORY
MOTOR NEURONS
EFFERANT TAKE SIGNAL FROM CNS TO PNS MUSCLE OR GLAND
NEURON
NERVE CELL, A GROUP OF NEURONS MAKE A NERVE
TRACT
A GROUP OF NERVES RUNNING UP OR DOWN THE SPINE ALL WHITE MATTER
AFFERENT
ASCENDING GO TO THE BRAIN
EFFERENT
MOTOR DESCENDING
GANGLION
A GROUP OF NERVE BODIES IN THE PNS
PLEXUS
A GROUP OF INTERSECTING NERVES I
NAME THE FOUR PLEXUS
CERVICAL, BRACHIAL, LUMBAR, SACRAL
NAME THE THREE PARTS OF THE BRAIN WE NEED TO KNOW
CERBRUM-LANGUAGE
CEREBELLUM-BALANCE
BRAIN STEM-RESPERATION
WHRE DOES SPINAL CORD END
L2 CAUDA EQUINA
DERMATOMES
A MAP OF CUTANEOUS INNTERVENTION
MYELIN SHEATH
FATTY INSULATION FOR AXONS
NEURALEMMA
REPEATED LAYERS OF SCHWANNS CELLS AIDS IN REGENERATION OF PNS NOT FOUND IN CNS
SYNAPSE
GAP BETWEEN CELLS
HORN
AREA OF GREY MATTER IN THE SPINAL CORD
LEMMA
COVERING
SARCO
FLESH
MYO
MUSCLE
TROPH/O
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
HYER
EXCESSIVE
HYPO
UNDER OR BELOW
A
WITH OUT
ENDO
INSIDE OR INNER
PERI
SURRONDING
EPI
UPON
4 PARTS OF A SKELETAL MUSCLE
BELLY, ATTACHMENTS, NEVERE SUPPLY, BLOOD SUPPLY
CONNETIVE TISSUE COMPONENETS
FASCIA, EPIMUSIUM, PERIMYSIUM, ENDOMYSIUM