Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Baby Talk
One of the many names for the speech register used with young children.
Biological Capacity
Innate factors, which are those present in the organism by virtue of its genetic makeup.
Child Directed Speech
The special speech register used when talking to children, including short sentences, greater repetition and questioning, and higher and more variable intonation than that speech addressed to adults.
Communicative Functions
The purposes for which language is used. For instance, even infants use language to express rejection, requests, and comments.
Communicative Temptation Task
Tasks designed to elicit communication efforts from an infant.
Controlling Interactional Style
Away of talking to infants that is intrusive, constantly redirecting the child’s attention, in contrast to a responsive style.
Format/Scaffold
In Vygotskyian Theory, adults are thought to provide intellectual interaction that serves as a scaffold, or format, that makes it possible for children to develop at a much faster rate than they could without this helpful intervention.
Gaze Coupling
A type of mutual eye contact that is very important in establishing the original affective bond with the infant.
Intentional Communication
Any communicative act that an individual engages in purposefully.
Joint Attention
Situation in which two individuals are paying attention to the same thing at the same time, as in reading a book together.
Low-Structured Observation
A method of studying young children that often relies upon free play with a standard set of toys.
Structured Observation
A research design that imposes some consistency on observation by keeping some things constant, for instance bringing children into a laboratory playroom and giving each the same toys.
Prelinguistic
Occuring before the infant can speak.
Prosodic Features
Aspects of the speech stream, such as stress and intonation, that convey differences in the meaning of words or sentences.
Protoword
A sequence of words that has a relatively consistent meaning but is not necessarily based on any adult word.
Rejection
One of the communicative functions seen in infants; the purposeful termination of an action.
Responsive Interactional Style
Manner of interacting with an infant that allows the infant to set the pace and determine the topics engaged in.
Social Cognition
Knowledge about other people that makes interpersonal interaction possible.
Suprasegmentals
Intonation, Stress, Pause, Pitch.
For the first 9 months of life, the meaning of language is in the melody. Infants are really listening with their right hemisphere to suprasegementals. Motherese (or baby talk) uses shorter sentences, slower speech, more facial expressions and suprasegmentals.
Intonation Contour
Pattern or melody in which you speak. Motherese has a lot of melodic qualities.
Stress
Greater prominence on one or more syllables in a word; this may be due either to greater actual loudness, a marked change in pitch, or greater length of the syllable. (Where you put more emphasis on a word).
Pitch
Tonal Quality. Tend to use higher pitch when talking to babies. Babies are very sensitive to high pitch. Helps babies to eventually pick up words later on. (Related to intonation.)
Pause
Where you pause in a sentence or word. Motherese has more pauses.