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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Culture
lifestyle or way of life of a group or community of people; sometimes refers to the art, music, and literature of a particular society
Political
having to do with the government
Natural Resources
materials found in nature that people can use such as trees and water
Alliances
people or nations linked to one another as helpers
Natural Environment
the land and all the living things on the land
Colony
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland
Regulators
groups of Back Country settlers who protested royal policy
Mercantilism
the belief that the wealth of a nation depends on its supply of gold and silver
Declaration
clear statement
Independence
freedom from control or influence of another or others
Constitution
written plan of government
Ratification
process of approving the Constitution
Convention
a group of people gathered together for a common purpose
Antebellum
before the war
Agriculture
farming and raising livestock
Secession
process by which the Confederate states left the Union in 1860-1861
Nullification
theory of government in which the state has the power to reject a national law with which it disagrees
Tariff
tax on imported and exported goods
Abolition
doing away with completely
States’ Rights
idea that states have the right to make decisions about issues that concern them
Cooperationists
political leaders in South Carolina in the 1850s who favored secession
but only if the Southern states seceded together
Reconstruction
period of rebuilding after the Civil War during which the Southern states rejoined the Union
Emancipation
setting free
Immigrants
people who come into one country or place from another
Carpetbaggers
negative term used to describe Northerners who came South during the Civil War and Reconstruction
Scalawags
white Southerners who cooperated with and held office under the Republican government during Reconstruction
Philanthropy
doing good to others
Corruption
decay; lack of honesty; doing wrong
Depression
a prolonged and severe decline in the level of economic activity
Temperance
moderation in or total lack of drinking intoxicating beverages
Suffrage
right to vote
Lynching
execution of a person or number of persons outside the law by a mob
Rural
living in or characteristic of farming or country life
Urban
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
Migration
the movement of people from one country or locality to another
Progressive Reforms
changes made to make the government more helpful to the people
Emigration
leaving one country or region to live in another
Boll Weevil
a tiny beetle that bored into the cotton boll that grew the fiber and ruined it
Prohibition
movement to make the manufacture and sale of liquor illegal in the United States
Technical
relating to mechanical subjects
Scarcity
very limited supply
Mechanization
use of machinery to replace human labor
Discrimination
unfair treatment of a group or individual
Integration
process of bringing together