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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Political
relating to the government
Social
relating to human society and its members
Economic
relating to the system of production and management of material wealth
Culture
the way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, traditions, government, religion, and social class
Colony
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland
Global
relating to or involving the entire earth
Capitalism
an economic system based on the private ownership of production for the purpose of making a profit
Mercantilism
the belief that the wealth of a nation depends on its supply of gold and silver
International
concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations
Absolute Monarchy
the ruler has absolute power over every aspect of life
Limited Government
a state restricted in its exercise of power by the constitution and the rule of law
Authoritarian
a government that has complete power over a nation
Totalitarian
a type of government where the political leader has total control over all aspects of a citizen’s life
Democracy
a government run by the people
Philosophy
the search for knowledge about the world, including the natural world, human behavior, and thought
Constitution
a written plan for government
Scientific Revolution
a time of great scientific advances
Scientific Method
the systematic process for gathering and analyzing evidence
Enlightenment
education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
Revolution
a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving
Independence
freedom from control or influence of another or others
Industrialize
organize production of goods into an industry
Rural
living in or characteristic of farming or country life
Urban
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
Migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Socialism
a system where all members of a society share equally in the work and the goods produced
Textile
a cloth manufactured by weaving
Nationalism
a strong feeling of loyalty for one’s own culture including language and customs
Interchangeable Parts
capable of replacing or changing places with something else
Mass Production
the manufacture of goods in large quantities, often using standardized designs and assembly-line techniques
Technology
the technical means people use to improve the world in which they live
Unification
the joining of opposing forces
Imperialism
a nation’s economic and political influence over other nations
Militarism
glorifying the ideals of a military class and having a strong military force
Raw Materials
natural substances such as wood and metals used in the manufacture of products
Acquisition
something gained
World Power
a state or nation powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
Mechanization
use of machinery to replace human labor
Depression
a period of rising unemployment and low economic activity
Nazism
a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader
Fascism
a totalitarian government that is not Communist
Appeasement
giving in to the demands of a hostile person or group in order to keep peace
Isolationism
the policy of not getting involved in alliances or other national political and economic relations
Theater
strategic environment
Holocaust
the killing of over six million Jews by the Nazis during World War II
Ethnocentrism
an ethnic group’s belief that its ethnic group is superior
Armistice
a cease fire; an end to World War I
Genocide
the murder of all members of an ethnic group
Cold War
a state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war
Communism
political system in which control of the means of producing economic goods in a society resides in the hands of those who invest their labor for production
Nonviolence
the behavior of people who in a conflict refrain from violent acts
Natural Environment
all living and nonliving things that occur naturally on the earth
Apartheid
law that legally separated blacks from whites in South Africa
Proclamation
a formal public statement
Human Rights
freedoms to which all humans are entitled
Developing Nation
a country with low levels of well-being, as measured by economic, social, and technological sophistication
Interdependence
counting on people in other places for information, resources, goods, and services
Urbanization
the process by which cities grow and societies become more city-like