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11 Cards in this Set

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Active Hub
Must be plugged into an electrical outlet because it needs power to amplify the incoming signal before passing it out to the other ports.
AUI (Attachment Unit Interface)
The 15-Pin physical Connector Interface between a computers NIC and Ethernet Cable.
Crossover Cable
A Cable that crosses the critical pair to properly align, transmit and recieve signals on the device with line connections.
GBIC (Gigabit Interdace Converter)
A hot-swappable input/output device that plugs into a gigabit ethernet port.

N0CCJ
Intelligent Hub
Sometimes called "Smart Hubs." These devices basically function as active hubs, but also include a microprocessor chip and diagnostic capabilities. They are more expensive than active hubs, but are useful in troubleshooting situations.
Peer-To-Peer Network
Networked computers act as equal partners, or peers, to each other. As peers, each computer can take on the client function or the server function.
Repeater
A Device that regenerates and retimes network signals at the bit level to allow them to travel a longer distance on the media.
RJ-45
A connector commonly used for finishing a twisted pair cable.
Straight-through Cable
A cable that maintains the pin connection all the way through the cable. Thus, the wire connected to pin 1 is the same on both ends of the cable.
Switch
Sometimes described as a multiport bridge. While a typical bridge might have just two ports (linking two network segments), the switch can have multiple ports depending on how many network segments are to be linked.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
A security mechanism, defined within the 802.11 standard, that is designed to protect the over-the-air transmission between wireless LAN APs and NICs.