Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/56

Click to flip

56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HAND PA
PERP TO 3RD MCP
palm down, fingers completely
extended and spread slightly
62 @ 3
HAND OBL
PERP TO 3RD MCP from PA hand, rotate hand & wrist 45 deg laterally
64 @ 3
HAND LAT
PERP TO 2ND MCP position hand with medial surface in
contact w/ the film and fingers fanned apart
66 @ 3
COCCYX LAT
3.5" POSTERIOR to ASIS
and 2" INFERIOR
pt laying on side, knees flexed, suspend respiration
90 @ 55
COCCYX AP
2" ABOVE SYMPHISIS
AND 10 DEG CAUDAL
pt supine, lower limbs extended, suspend
respiration
92 @ 8
SACRUM LAT
LEVEL OF THE ASIS
and 3.5" POSTERIOR
pt laying on side, knees flexed, suspend
respiration
90 @ 55
SACRUM AP
2" ABOVE the SYMPHISIS
AND 15 DEG CEPHALIC
pt supine, lower imbs extended, suspend
respiration
92 @ 8
SI JOINT
OBLIQUE
1" MEDIAL FROM
ELEVATED ASIS
pt supine, elevate side to be examined
about 25-30 deg, suspend respiration
80 @ 12
SI JOINT AP
2 INCHES BELOW LEVEL OF ASIS
male - 30 cephalic
female - 35 cephalic
pt supine, lower limbs extended, suspend
respiration
85 @ 9
L5-S1
1.5" BELOW ILIAC CREST
& 2" POSTERIOR TO ASIS
pt laying on left side, suspend resp
90 @ 120
L-SPINE LAT
L-3 or 1.5" ABOVE THE
CREST & MID-CORONAL
male - 5 deg caudal
pt laying on left side, flex knee and arms
at right angle to the body, suspend resp
80 @ 60
L-SPINE
OBLIQUE
(RPO or LPO)
L-3 or 1.5" ABOVE THE
IL CREST and 2" MEDIAL
TO THE ELEVATED ASIS
pt supine, body rotated 45 deg, knees
flexed, suspend after full exhalation
80 @ 40
L-SPINE AP
L-3 or 1.5" ABOVE THE
ILIAC CREST
pt supine, knees flexed, suspend after
exhalation
76 @ 32
T-SPINE LAT
T-7
10 deg ceph - women
15 deg ceph - men
top of film 1.5 - 2" above shoulders, hips
and knees flexed, arms at right angle with
the body, suspend after full exhalation
70 @ 80
T-SPINE AP
T-7
top of film 1.5" above shoulders, knees
flexed, suspend after full exhalation
* anode-heel effect
76 @ 32
X-TABLE
LATERAL
C-SPINE
C-4
> 40"
pt supine, extend chin to avoid
superimpositioning of the mandible, place
film on pt's left side
75 @ 28
w/ grid
C-SPINE AP
15-20 DEG CEPHALIC
TO C-4
pt supine, extend chin, suspend
respiration
76 @ 8
FACIAL
Parieto-Acanthial
(WATERS)
ACANTHION
chin on film, OML forms 37 deg from film,
MML nearly perp to film
* do OPEN MOUTH to see sphenoid
76 @ 20
SINUS LATERAL
1/2 - 1" POSTERIOR
TO OUTER CANTHUS
affected side on the film, IPL perp to film,
IOML parallel to film, suspend respiration
68 @ 8
SKULL AP AXIAL
(TOWNES)
2.5" ABOVE THE
GLABELLA
OML/IOML perp to film, suspend resp
30 deg - OML; 37 deg - IOML
76 @ 32
SKULL LATERAL
2" ABOVE THE EAM
affected side on the film, IPL perp to film,
MSP and IOML parallel to film, suspend
respiration
68 @ 16
SKULL PA AXIAL
(CALDWELL)
15 DEG CAUDAL TO
NASION
forehead and nose on the film, OML
perpendicular to the film, suspend resp
76 @ 20
ABDOMEN KUB
ILIAC CREST
pt supine, hold breath after exhalation
76 @ 25
RIBS
OBLIQUE
T-10 below diaphragm

T-7 above diaphragm
RAO/LAO: affected side away; 45 deg
RESP: suspend after exhalation
RPO/LPO: affected side against; 45 deg
RESP: suspend after inhalation
66 @ 80
RIBS AP
T-7 above diaphragm
RESP: suspend after exhalation
top of film 1.5" above shoulders
T-10 below diaphragm
bottom of film level with iliac crest
RESP: suspend after inhalation
66 @ 80
HIP LAT
PERP TO FEMORAL
NECK
have pt flex hip and knee on affected side,
place sole of foot against opposite knee
75 @ 25
HIP AP
PERP TO FEMORAL
NECK
pt supine, rotate leg 15-20 deg medially
75 @ 25
PELVIS AP
PERP AND CENTER
TO THE IR
pt supine, upper border of film 1 1/2"
above the crest, rotate legs 15-20 deg,
heels 8-10" apart, suspend respiration
75 @ 25
FEMUR LAT
PERP TO CENTER
OF IR
PROX: top of IR level with ASIS rotate
pelvis 10-15 deg to prevent superimpos
75 @ 20
DIST: flex affected knee 45 deg, draw
unaffected leg toward chest, place
bottom of IR 2" below the knee joint
70 @ 10
FEMUR AP
PERP TO CENTER
OF IR
PROX: top of IR level with ASIS rotate
limbs 10-15 deg medially
75 @ 20
DIST: place in true ap, place bottom of
IR 2" below the knee joint
70 @ 10
KNEE LAT
5-7 DEG CEPHALIC
1" DISTAL TO MEDIAL
EPICONDYLE
pt laying on affected side, flex knee
20-30 deg & ensure femoral epicondyles
perpendicular to the film
70 @ 8
KNEE AP
PERP 1/2" BELOW
PATELLAR APEX
leg fully extended, femoral epicondyles
parallel to the film
70 @ 10
TIB/FIB LAT
PERP TO MIDSHAFT
OF TIBIA
femoral condyle perpendicular to film
55 @ 5
TIB/FIB AP
PERP TO MIDSHAFT
OF TIBIA
pt supine w/ femoral condyles parallel
to IR, flex ankle so foot is in vertical
position
55 @ 5
ANKLE LAT
PERP MIDWAY
between MALLEOLI
dorsiflex foot and adjust foot in lateral
position
65 @ 5
ANKLE
MORTISE
PERP TO MEDIAL
MALLEOLUS
from ap, oblique ankle 15-20 deg
medially until malleoli are parallel to IR
65 @ 6
ANKLE AP
PERP MIDWAY
between MALLEOLI
leg fully extended, adjust ankle in true
ap position, flex ankle and foot to have
long axis of foot in vertical position
65 @ 6
FOOT LAT
PERP TO THE BASE OF
3RD METATARSAL
place foot in lateral position, making the
the plantar surface perpendicular with IR
60 @ 4
FOOT OBL
PERP TO THE BASE OF
3RD METATARSAL
from AP, rotate leg medially until plantar
surface of foot forms 30 deg angle with IR
60 @ 3.2
FOOT AP
10 deg Cephalic to base
of the 3rd METATARSAL
foot placed flat on the film with toes fully
extended and knees flexed
60 @ 3.2
SHOULDER AP
INTERNAL ROT
PERP 1" INFERIOR
THE CORACOID
PROCESS
flex elbow 90 deg & rotate arm inward
humeral epicondyles perp to IR
RESP: suspend
70 @ 12
SHOULDER AP
EXT ROTATION
PERP 1" INFERIOR
THE CORACOID
PROCESS
erect or supine, supinate palm of the
hand to position humeral epicondyle
parallel to the film, suspend respiration
70 @ 12
SCAPULA AP
PERP 2" INFERIOR
THE CORACOID
PROCESS
erect or supine, abduct arm at right
angle to the body.flex elbow & adjust
hand and f/a for comfort
75 @ 8
CLAVICLE
AP AXIAL
15 to 30 degrees Cephalic
to MID-CLAVICLE
pt supine or erect, hands to the side
RESP: suspend at expiration
70 @ 10
CLAVICLE AP
PERP TO MID
CLAVICLE
pt supine or erect, hands to the side
RESP: suspend at expiration
70 @ 8
HUMERUS LAT
PERP TO MID
HUMERUS
pronate hand, flex elbow to 90 deg.
ensure epicondyles are perp to film
70 @ 6
HUMERUS AP
PERP TO MID
HUMERUS
place the patient in the anatomical
position by supinating the hand
70 @ 6
ELBOW
INTERNAL OBL
PERP TO ELBOW
JOINT
from AP, pronate the hand enough to
cause the anterior surface of the elbow to
form a 45 deg angle with the IR
64 @ 6
ELBOW
EXTERNAL OBL
PERP TO ELBOW
JOINT
rotate hand laterally to place
posterior surface of elbow at 45 deg.
pt's 1st & 2nd digit touches the table
64 @ 6
ELBOW LAT
PERP TO ELBOW
JOINT
flex elbow 90 degree, f/a and elbow
touching table, andjust hand in true
lateral and epicondyles perp to film
64 @ 6
ELBOW AP
PERP TO ELBOW
JOINT
extend elbow and supinate hand,
ensure anterior surface of elbow is
parallel to the film
64 @ 6
FOREARM LAT
PERP TO MID F/A
flex elbow 90 degree, place hand
in true lateral and extend fingers
55 @ 3.2
FOREARM AP
PERP TO MID F/A
extend elbow and supinate hand,
long axis of IR and f/a parallel
55 @ 3.2
WRIST LAT
PERP TO MIDCARPAL
AREA
flex elbow 90 deg and place wrist in true
lateral position
66 @ 5
WRIST OBL
PERP TO MIDCARPAL
AREA
from PA, rotate wrist to 45 degrees
64 @ 4
WRIST PA
PERP TO MIDCARPAL
AREA
place wrist flat on the film with fingers
slightly flexed at mcp joints
62 @ 4