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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
eupnea
breathing

normal breathing
bradypnea
Breathing

slow breathing
tachypnea
breathing

fast breathing
hypopnea
breathing

shallow breathing
hyperpnea
breathing

deep breathing
dyspnea
breathing

difficulty breathing
apnea
breathing

inability to breathe
orthopnea
breathing

ability to breathe only in an upright position
Cheyne-stokes respiration
breathing

pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and, sometimes, in rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea
crackles OR rales
lung sounds

popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli; occurs in disorders such as bronchiectasis or atelectasis
wheezes OR rhonchi
lung sounds

high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway; occurs in disorders such as asthma or emphysema
stridor
lung sounds

high-pitched, crowing sound that occurs with an obstruction in the upper airway (trachea or larynx)
caseous necrosis
general symptomatic terms

degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese-like appearance
cyanosis
general symptomatic terms

bluish coloration of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
dysphonia
general symptomatic terms

hoarseness (phon/o= voice or sound)
epistaxis
general symptomatic terms

nosebleed (epi= upon; stazo= to drip)
expectoration
general symptomatic terms

coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
sputum
general symptomatic terms

material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hemoptysis
general symptomatic terms

coughing up and spitting out blood that originates in the lungs (ptysis = to spit)
hypercapnia
general symptomatic terms

excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood (capno = smoke; carbo = coal)
hypercarbia
general symptomatic terms

excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood (capno = smoke; carbo =coal)
hyperventilation
general symptomatic terms

excessive movement of air into and out of the lungd, causing hypocapina
hypocapina
general symptomatic terms

deficient level of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypocarbia
general symptomatic terms

deficient amount of oxygen in teh blood
hypoventilation
general symptomatic terms

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
hypoxemia
general symptomatic terms

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
general symptomatic terms

deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
obstructive lung disorder
general symptomatic terms

condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
restrictive lung disorder
general symptomatic terms

condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
pulmonary edema
general symptomatic terms

fluid filling the spaces around the alveoli and, eventually, flooding into the alveoli
pulmonary infiltrate
general symptomatic terms

density on an x-ray image representing the consolidation of matter within the air spaces of the lungs, usually resulting from an inflammatory process
rhinorrhea
general symptomatic terms

thin, watery discharge from the nose (runny nose)