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45 Cards in this Set

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Define MOPP
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
Name and describe the different levels of MOPP:
Zero- All gear caried
1- Overgarment worn
2- Boots worn
3- Mask & Hood worn
4- All Gear Worn (Gloves)
Describe LD 50:
The leathal dose required to kill %50 of those exposed.
Name the 4 types of radiation hazards
Alpha
Beta
Gamma
X-ray
Describe time, distance, & shielding in reguards to radiological hazards:
Time= Minimize exposure time
Distance= Maximizing distance from radiation source.
Shielding= Shielding the radiotion source.
Describe the pocket dosimeter:
A pocket dosimeter is about the size & shape of a pen and is worn on the trunk of the body. It is a direct reading instrument & provides interim radiation exposure.
Name 4 military nerve agents:
(GA) Tabun
(GB) Sarin
(GD) Soman
(VX)
Describe how nerve agents work:
Nerve agents interfere w/ transmission of the message from nerve to organ.
Discuss the areas of the body that are most affected by nerve agents.
Major affects occur in the skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, & the exocrine.
Name 3 effects (S/Sx'x) of nerve agents on the body:
Salivation
HA
Rhinorrhea
Miosis
Eye injection
Eye pain
SOB
Coughing
Name all blister agents & their symbols:
(HN) Nitrogen Mustard
(HD) Mustard
(L) Lewsite
(CX) Phosgene Oxime
Which blister agents produce immediate effects?
(L) Lewsite
(CX) Phosgene Oxime
Name the Pulmonary/ choking agents:
(CG) Phosgene
(CL) Chlorine
(DP) Diphosgene
Describe how pulmonary agents work:
A chemical that damages the membranes in the lungs that separate the aveolus from the capillary. As a result of this damage, the plasma from the blood leaks into the aveoli, filling them w/ fluid and preventing air from entering.
Name the riot control agents:
CS
CN
Name the antidotes for nerve agents:
Atropine
2PAM Chloride
CANA
What is in the CANA auto-injector?
Valium (Diazepam)
Why would you inject a nerve agent casualty c diazepam?
To control muscle spasm
How does cyanide effect the body?
Attaches to the Hcb in the body blocking O2 from attaching to the Hcb.
What is the antidote for Lewsite (L)?
BAL- British Anti Lewsite
Describe Acetylcholine:
A chemical neurotransmitter produced by nerve cells predominately outside the CNS.
It is the chemical messenger of the body.
Describe Acetylcholinestrase:
An enzyme that stops acetylcholine & it's activity.
What is the main effect that blister agents have on the body?
Damage to the skin is their main casualty-causing effect.
Name the boold agents:
(AC) Hydrogen Cyanide
(CK) Cyanogen Chloride
Name the vomiting agents:
(DA) Diphenylchloroarsine
(DC) Diphenylcyanoarsine
(DM) Adamsite
Describe Acetylcholine:
A chemical neurotransmitter produced by nerve cells predominately outside the CNS.
It is the chemical messenger of the body.
Describe Acetylcholinestrase:
An enzyme that stops acetylcholine & it's activity.
What is the main effect that blister agents have on the body?
Damage to the skin is their main casualty-causing effect.
Name the boold agents:
(AC) Hydrogen Cyanide
(CK) Cyanogen Chloride
Name the vomiting agents:
(DA) Diphenylchloroarsine
(DC) Diphenylcyanoarsine
(DM) Adamsite
Name the 3 parts of an ATOM:
Protron
Electron
Neutron
Define Toxin:
Any toxic substance that can be produced by an animal, plant, or microbe.
What toxin produces Botulism?
Clostridium botulinum
Caster beans can be used to produce what highly toxic chemical?
Ricin
In 1346, Tartar soldiers threw bodies of fellow slodiers over the city wall of Kaffa thus creating what major Dz?
Black Plague
In 1767, Sir Jeffrey Amherst gave blankets to indians contaminated w/ what Dz?
Smallpox
Define RAD:
Radiation Absorbed Dose
Define REM:
Roentgen-Equivalent Man
Define biological Warfare:
Use of living organisms to cause death or Dz to man, plants, & animals.
When can the military use experimental or investigational drugs on service members?
Only w/ presidential approval
On April 26 1986, what nuclear power plant suffered a meltdown which was the biggest in Hx?
Chernobyl
Acute radiation Syndrome (ARS) is often called what?
Radiation Sickness
Name 3 ways to minimize radiation exposure:
Time
Distance
Shielding
What is the target molecule for radiation damage?
DNA
Describe the difference between Smallpox & Chickenpox:
Smallpox - All lesions are synchronous

Chickenpox - lesions are asynchronous