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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
use commas to set off an expression that interrupts a sentence (eg. however, of course, well, or a person's name
use a comma to seperate two or more adjectives proceding a noun except if one of the adjectives is youg, old, a color or a number
commas with 2 adjectives
do not confuse these two words. one is a conjunction used for comparisons. the other is an adverb meaning "at that time" or "next"
than, then
words with the same pronunciation but different meanings and/or spellings (eg. to,too,two; there,their they're, ect)
a word that expresses emotion and that is not related grammatically to other words in the sentence
words that joing words or groups of words. And, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet. A sentence should not begin with them. However, it is sometimes acceptable to use "and" or "but" to create emphasis - in creative writing only
coordinating conjunctions
use commas to set off adjective clauses that are not essential to the basic meaning of the sentence. Do not use commas with clauses that are essential to the meaning
essential clauses
usually set off by commas. A word that means the same thing as the noun that it follows; it usually explains or identifies the noun. It is set off by commas to show that it is not essential to the meaning of the sentence
use a comma before "and,but, or, nor, for, so, and yet" when they join independent clauses
compound sentences
use commas to separate items in a series. Use a comma before the "and" joing the last two items in a series to make your meaning clear
commas in a series
consists of tow or more sentences separated only be a comma or by no mark of punctuation. A comma should mark a pause in the sentence.
run-on sentence
you should never shift tenses needlessly. Keep in past tense if you are in it; don't shift, unless you really need to, to present tense
verb tense agreement
set of from the rest of the sentence by commas or by a question mark or exclamation point. A question mark or exclamation point should be placed inside the closing marks if the quotation is a question or an exclamation. Otherwise, it should be placed outside.
puncuation in quotations
begins with a capital letter. If the quotation is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as he said or Mother asked, the second part begins with a small letter
capitilizations in quotations
when someone speaks directly to another person, using that person's name, commas precede and follow the name
direct address
a subordinate clause used as an adverb. When it begins the sentence it is followed by a comma. It answers the quetsion how, when, where, why, to what extent (how mych or how long), or under what conditions
adverb clause
vary sentenes by beginning them with adverbs. Use a comma to seperate the introductory adverb from the rest of the sentence
adverb at the beginning
a group of related words that contains a participle and that acts as an adjective. It is usuallt seperated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
participle phrase
a group of related words that contains a participle and that acts as an adjective. It is usually seperated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
participle phrase
use a comma to seperate items: between the day of the week, the date, the year, and between city and state. Commas should also follow all of these if they appear in the middle of a sentence (ie; one Wednesday, April 14, 2006, in Redmond, Washington, I......)
commas with dates & addresses
both agree with eachother in number and gender. Use singular ____ to refer to each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, someone, or somebody
pronoun/antecedant agreement