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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Carotid Canal
Internal Carotid Artery,
Deep Petrosal Nerve (CN VII with CN V2),
Other postganglionic sympathetics (Carotid Plexus)
Crib Reform Plate
Olfactory nerves (CN1)
Facial Canal
Facial Nerve proper (SVE and GSA only)
Foramen Cecum
Emissary vein from nasal cavity to superior sagital sinus
Foramen Lacerum
Meningeal branch of ascending pharyngeal artery,
Emissary vein from pterygoid venous plexus,
Greater Supervicial petrosal nerve (CN VII)
Deep petrosal nerve from carotid plexus (CN VII)
Foramen Magnum
Spinal arteries/veins
Alar ligaments
Apical ligament
Spinal Accessory Nerve (CN XI)
Foramen Ovale
V3 (mandibular)
Accessory meningeal artery
Lesser Petrosal Nerve (CN IX; goes to parotid gland)
Foramen Rotundum
V2
Foramen Spinosum
Middle Meningeal Artery
Recurrent branch of V3
Greater Palatine Foramen
Anterior and posterior (greater and lesser) palatine nerves/vessels (branch of V2)
NOTE: These are branches of pterygopalatine nerves/vessels
Hiatus of Facial canal (IE: greater superficial petrosal)
Greater superficial petrosal nerve (CN VII)
Petrosal branches of middle meningeal artery
Hypoglossal Canal
Hypoglossal Nerve (CN XII)
Meningeal branch of ascending pharyngeal artery (branch of external carotid)
Incisive (Nasopalatine) Canal
nasopalatine branches of descending palatine nerves/vessels (CN V2)
Inferior Orbital Fissure (Sphenomaxillary fissure)
CN V2 nerve branches (Zygomatic, infraorbital),
- Lacrimal branch of greater petrosal nerve (CN VII)
- Infraorbital vessels
Tympanic Canaliculus
Tympanic branch of CN IX (becomes lesser petrosal)
Typanic branch of ascending pharyngeal artery
Infraorbital foramen
Infraorbital branch of CN V2
Infraorbital vessels
Internal Acoustic Meatus
CN VIII
CN VII
internal auditory branch of basilar artery
Jugular Foramen
Internal Jugular Vein,
CN IX
CN X
CN XI
Lesser Palatine Foramen
Posterior (lesser) palatine nerves/vessels (CN V2)
NOTE: These are branches of peterygopalatine or descending palatine nerves and vessels
Mandibular (inferior alveolar) Foramen
Inferior alveolar nerve and vessels (CN V3)
Mastoid Canaliculus (Tympanomastoid Fissure)
auricular branch of CN X
Mastoid Foramen
mastoid branch of occipital artery, emissary vein
Mental Foramen
mental nerve/vessels (CN V3)
Nasolacrimal Canal
Tear Duct
Optic Foramen
Optic nerve (CN II),
Ophthalmic artery
Central retinal artery
Parietal Foramen
Emissary vein
Petrotympanic Fissure (AKA: squamotympanic fissure)
Chorda tympanic branch of CN VII
Pharyngeal Canals
Pharyngeal branch of maxillary artery
Pharyngeal branches greater petrosal nerve (CN VII)
Posterior Condylar Canal
Emissary vein
Meningeal branch of occipital artery
Posterior Ethmoidal Foramen
posterior ethmoidal nerve and vessels (branch of CN V1)
Posterior Superior Alveolar Foramen (Maxillary Foramen)
posterior superior alveolar nerve and vessels (CN V2)
Pterygoid (VIDIAN) Canal
Nerve of pterygoid canal (combined sympathetic postganglionics of deep petrosal nerve and parasympathetic preganglionics from greater petrosal nerve)
Pterygomaxillary Fissure
Maxillary artery
Posterior superior alveolar nerve (CN V2)
Pterygopalatine (Descending Palatine) Canal
descending palatine nerves and vessels
Pterygopalatine (Sphenopalatine) Foramen
Pterygopalatine vessels
Nasopalatine nerve
Posterior Nasal nerves (CN V2)
Pharyngeal nerves/vessels (CN V2)
Stylomastoid Foramen
Facial nerve proper (SVE and GSA only)
Superior Orbital Fissure
Occulomotor (CN III)
CN V1
CN IV
CN VI
Ophthalamic vein
Supraorbital Fissure
Supraorbital nerve (CN V1 aka frontal nerve to upper eyelid)
Zygomaticofacial Foramen
zygomaticofacial branch of zygomatic nerve of zygomatic branch of CN V2
Zygomatico-orbital Foramen
zygomatic nerve of CN V2
Zygomaticotemporal Foramen
zygomaticotemporal branch of zygomatic branch of CN V2
What muscles, vessels, and nerves pass through the infratemporal fossa?
Muscles: Temporalis, lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid
Vessels: Maxillary Artery (middle meningeal, inferior alveolar, deep temporal, buccal)
Nerves: Mandibular nerve, inferior alveolar nerve, lingual nerve, buccal nerve, chorda typani nerve, otic ganglion