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65 Cards in this Set

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Albeit
Even though.
Albumin
A necessary protein substance produced in the liver; levels are reduced in malnutrition and in hepatic and renal diseases.
Arthritis
Inflammation of the joints.
Azathioprine
Generic drug used in treating rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
Azulfidine
Trade name for sulfasalazine, an antibacterial agent.
Chlorambucil
Generic drug used in chemotherapy, an antineoplastic agent.
Compression fracture
Any break or rupture of bone due to compression, e.g., the bones in the spinal column.
Corticosteroids
A group of steroids (or lipids) used clinically in immune suppression, in hormonal replacement, etc.
Cyclophosphamide
Generic drug used in chemotheraphy an antineoplastic agent.
Debilitating
Causing weakenss or lack of strength.
Dehydration
Condition resulting from either excessive loss or inadequate intake of body water.
Dermatology
The study of the skin.
Diffuse
Widely distributed, not concentrated; (v) to pass through or disperse through tissue or body structure.
Disalcid
Trade name for a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat minor pain, fever, and arthritis.
Distally
In a remote direction; opposite of proximal or near.
Dolobid
Trade name for diflunisal; used to treat mild to moderate pain.
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing.
Ecchymosis
A small spot on the skin or mucous membrane forming a nonelevated, blue or purplish patch; a bruise (pl) ecchymoses
Enteritis
Inflammation of the intestine, particularly the small intestine.
Erosion
Destruction of the surface of the epidermis (skin), which heals withough scar tissue.
Erythema
Redness of the skin produced by abnormal accumulation of blood.
Erythema multiforme
A symptom complex including multiple skin lesions of varying degrees of severity.
Exophthalmos
Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
Exudate
Any fluid that has escaped from blood vessels and been deposited in tissues, usually due to an injury or inflammation.
Fissuring
Splitting, normal or otherwise; can include painful ulcerations.
Flare
Area of redness of the skin.
Folic acid
A B complex vitamin, the lack of which can result in sever anemia and birth defects.
Gingiva
The pale pink tissues of the oral mucosa, otherwise known as the gums.
HCTZ
Abbreviation for hydrochlorothiazide, a generic diuretic medication used to treat edema and hypertension.
Hydroxychloroquine
Generic drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
Hyperpigmentation
Abnormally increased coloration.
Hyporeflexia
Decreased reflexes.
IV hydration
Receiveing fluids intravenously
Injection
The condition of being congested or overloaded with blood.
Intravenous
Within or through a vein.
Kyphosis
Abnormally increased curvature of the thoracic spine; humpback.
Leucovorin
Generic drug used to treat both anemia and malignancies.
Lidex gel
Trade name for topically applied gel; an anti-inflammatory agent.
Liver enzymes
Those protein molecules that induce necessray chemical reactions in the liver; a group of laboratory tests on blood or serum that give the values of these proteins.
Macular
Pertaining to the presence of a macule; a nonelevated, discolored spot on the skin.
Methotrexate
Generic chemotherapy drug used also in immunosuppressive disorders.
Nephrocalcinosis
Diffusely scattered calcifications in the kidneys leading to renal insufficiency.
NSAID
Abbreviation for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Osteoporosis
Reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to pathologic fractures.
Palate
Roof of the mouth
Penicillamine
Generic drug, a product of penicillin; used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
Perimalleoloar
Around the bony protuberances on either side of the ankle.
Pitting edema
When too much fluid is in the tissues (edema), a finger pressing on the skin leaves pitting indentations or areas of pitting in the skin.
p.o.
Per os (by mouth)
Posterior pharynx
The back of the throat.
Prednisone
Generic anti-inflammatory drug
Premarin
Trade name for preparations of estrogen, the female hormone.
Quiescent
at rest; inactive.
Regimen
A strictly regulated plan of therapy, diet, exercise, or other activity designed to achieve a certain goal.
Rheumatoid arthritis
Chronic systemic, painful joint disease that can result in deformities.
Serum cholesterol
The level of cholesterol ( a complex organic compoid synthesized in the liver and other tissues) found in the serum; high leves of cholesterol can clot arteries and can from gallstones.
Stasis edema
Stagnation of the flow of blood or fluids resulting in swelling.
Stevens-Johnson syndrome
A severe, sometimes fatal multisystemic form of erythema multiforme.
Stomatitis
Inflammation of the oral mucosa, the mucous membrane of the mouth.
t.i.d.
Ter in die (three times a day)
Topically
Referring to a surface area; applying a substance to a certain surface area of the skin.
Total protein
A laboratory test to determine the level of all proteins in the serum.
Vertebral bodies
Any of the 33 bones of the spinal canal.
Volume depletion
Dehydrated state.
Westergren sedimentation rate
Standard laboratory test to determine the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) using a tube and a method designed by Alf Westergren, a Swedish physician born in 1891.