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27 Cards in this Set

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is the stimulation of the sense organs
sensation
is the sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration of stimuli involving the sense oragans and brain
perception
How long does it take infants to see color?
2-4 mos
infants as young as ___mos prefer attractive adult faces, and by ___ mos prefer attractive faces of infants
3 mos

6 mos
infants watch moving objects over stationary ones. T?F
TRUE
depth perception is if a child recognizes that a stair drops off
visual cliff
a decrease in attention to stimuls that has been presented repeatedly
habituation
an increase in attention to a new stimulus after an infant has habituated to a previous stimulus.
dishabituation
th elack of memory for experiences that occurred prior to 3 yrs of age
infantile amnesia
memory that is conscious and that can be recalled intentionally.
exlicit memory
memory that is recalled unconsciously
implicit memory
an organized pattern of sensorimoter functioning
schemes
what are the sensorimoter stages/ perios
1: simple reflexive schemes
2: First habits and primary circular reactions
3: secondary circular reaction esploring objects
4: coordination of secondar circular reactions
5: tertiary circular reactions
6: beginning of thoughts.
the concept that people and objects have an independent existence beyond one's own perception of them.
object permanence
infants tendency to search in the first hiding spot A while ignoring the second B
A not B error
systematic meaningful arrangement of symbols, which provides the basis for communication
language
refers to the basic soungs of the language, called phonemes, that can be combined to produce words and sentences
phonology
smallest language unit that has meaning
morphemes
the rules that govern the meaning of words and sentences
semantics
making speech like but meaningless sounds
babbling
first words generally are spoken somewhere around the age of _____ mos
10-14
one word utterances whose meaning depends on the particular context in which they are used.
holophrases
speech in whcih words not critical to the message are left out
telegraphic speech
children use words too restrictively
ex: blankie
under extension
children use words toooo broadly
ex. all 4 legged animals are cows>
over extension
language as an innate skill
Nativist Approach
combines both learning theory and nativist approach to explain human beings lang. developemnt
interactionist approaches