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57 Cards in this Set

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-able/-ible
capable of


ex. remarkable
*These suffixes change the part of speech they are attached to from a noun to an adjective.
-ac/-al/-an/-ar/-ary/-eal/-ic/-ive/-tic
pertaining to


ex. fundal/pancreatic
*These suffixes change the part of speech they are attached to from a noun to an adjective.
-ase
enzyme


ex. amylase
-algia
pain


ex. myalgia
-cele
hernia (protrusion of organ through its containing wall)

ex. cystocele
-centesis
procedure to aspirate fluid


ex. paracentesis
-ectasia/-ectasis
dilation


ex. telangiectasia
-ectomy
excision or removal


ex. appendectomy
-edema
swelling


ex. lymphedema
-emesis
vomiting


ex. hematemesis
-emia
blood


ex. anemia
-genic/-genesis
beginning/producing


ex. osteogenic
-gram
record


ex. cholangiogram
-graph
instrument for recording


ex. polygraph
-graphy
process of recording


ex. echocardiography
-ia/-iasis
condition


ex. psoriasis
-ism
condition


ex. botulism
-ist
one who


ex. psychologist
-itis
inflammation


ex. pancreatitis
-ium
membrane


ex. ischium
-kinesia/-kinesis
movement/motion


ex. hypokinesis
-logist
specialist


ex. radiologist
-logy
study of


ex. pathology
-lysis
loosening/freeing/breaking apart/destroying

ex. adhesiolysis
-lytic
*pertaining to destruction/freeing/loosening/breaking apart

ex. hemolytic
*Note the adjectival ending attached to this suffix. When determining which of the two suffixes -lysis or -lytic is the appropriate answer, decide if the word it creates is a noun or adjective. Remember, -tic/-ic is the ending which means pertaining to, so note that meaning when the suffix is attached to a word.
-malacia
softening


ex. chondromalacia
-mania
preoccupation


ex. pyromania
-megaly
enlargement


ex. cardiomegaly
-meter
unit or instrument of measure


ex. alucometer
-metry
process of measuring


ex. geometry
-oid
resembling


ex. adenoid
-oma
tumor


ex. lymphoma
-opia
vision


ex. diplopia
-ose
sugar


ex. glucose
-osis
*condition


ex. ptosis
*This particular meaning of condition is usually abnormal; in particular, it means proliferation or an increased number of. For example: A divericulum is a process in the abdomen. If there are several diverticula present, the patient is said to have diverticulosis.
-ous
pertaining to/characterized by


ex. mucous
-pathy
disease or abnormality


ex. adenopathy
-penia
deficiency


ex. osteopenia
-pexy
surgical fixation


ex. cystopexy
-phagia/-gic/-gy
eating/swallowing


ex. dysphagia
-phasia
speech


ex. dysphasia
-phobia
abnormal fear


ex. agoraphobia
-plasty
surgical repair


ex. arthroplasty
-plegia
paralysis


ex. paraplegia
-rrhage/rrhagia
excessive bleeding, flow or discharge

ex. hemorrhage
-rrhaphy
suture


ex. herniorrhaphy
-rrhea
flow or discharge


ex. diarrhea
-rrhexis
rupture


ex. capsulorrhexis
-sclerosis
hardening


ex. atherosclerosis
-scopy
examination with an instrument


ex. colonoscopy
-spasm
twitching


ex. bronchospasm
-stomy
forming of an opening


ex. tracheostomy
-stasis
stopping


hemostasis
-tome
an instrument for cutting


ex. osteotome
-tomy
incision (cutting into)


ex. craniotomy
-tripsy
surgical crushing


ex. lithotripsy
-trophic/trophy
nutrition


ex. hypertrophy