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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The greatest learning theorist of all times
These guys were Functionalists
Thorndike, Skinner, Hull
A catergory for Thorndike, Skinner, and Hull
The associationist
Morgan's canon
Don't ascribe higher explanations for behavior if a lower one will do.
Link between sensations and behavior
Link between sensations and behavior
The first to establish connectionism
'Nother name for trial and error
selecting and connecting
Who invented trial and error?
Law of readiness, and who invented it
If an animal is ready to do something, not doing it will be uncomfortable. Forcing it to do it when it isn't ready will also make it uncomfortable. Thorndike
Law of excercise, and who invented it
Connections are strengthened by use. This was scrapped after 1930. Thorndike
Multiple response, and who invented it
If a response doesn't work, try another one. Related to selecting and connecting. Thorndike
Sets/attitudes, and who used it
What the learner brings to situation is important. Thorndike
Prepotency of elements, and who used it
Means that environ is complex and we selectively attend to only part of it. Thorndike.
Response by analogy, and who invented
How we respond to one situation depends on other similar situations we've been in. Thorndike.
Associative shifting, and who invented
A resposne can be connected to a totally different stim. Thorndike.
Belongingness, and who invented it
Something similar to contiguity. Coined by Thorndike after 1930
Another term for response generalization, and who used it
Thorndike called it spread of effect.
Skinner's two types of Behavior
Skinner's two types of Learning
Respondant and operant (correspond with class and operant)
S and R learning
"The only characteristic of a reinforcer is that it reinforces."
Skinner's view on reinforcement
_____ makes acquisition more efficient, but isn't necessary, acc Skinner
What shaping does
Reason for superstitious behavior
Reason for learned helplessness
Noncontingent reinforcement, what it causes.
Random punishment, what it causes.
Skinner's four kinds of words
mand, tact, echoic, autoclitic
Who invented schedules of reinforce?
Hull's theoretical approach
Hypothetical deductive approach, with postulates proved by theorems
What Hull added to his theory in 1952
Incentive (K) and Intensity (V)
Tolman's theory was ______
Cognitive was the best way to describe ___________'s theory
Tolman's principle of..
least effort, where we look on cognitive map to see what action to take.
Not only do rats use trial and error, they use...according to ...
Vicarious trial and error, according to Tolman