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15 Cards in this Set

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infarct
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
ischemia
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
mitral valve prolape (MVP)
common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a characteristic murmur heard on auscultation
radioisotope
chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through the body or a structure
palpitation
sensation that the heart is not beating normally, possibly including "thumping," "fluttering," "skipped beats," or a pounding feeling in the chest
patent ductus arteriosus
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow from the aorta into the pulmonary (lung) artery
perfusion
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
stent
slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessels, tubes, or an obstructed artery
strokes-Adams syndrome
altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreaed blood flow to the brain caused by prolonged asystole (absence of muscular contraction of the heart)
thrombus
blood clot that obstructs a vessel
cardiac catheterization
passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart
electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
graphic line recording that show the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms, and legs
Holter monitor test
electrocardiogram (ECG) taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracing
stress test


nuclear
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions

utilizes a radiosotope to evaluate coronary blood flow
cardiac enzyme studies
blood test that measures troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB)