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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the initial alteration leading to atherosclerosis?
injury to endothelial lining
in compensated aortic coarctation, what is decreased?
vascular resistance in lower body
drugs recommended for patients with diabetes and renal complications (e.g. hyperuricemia)?
ACE inhibitors
bacterial endocarditis in tricuspid valve?
what artery is frequently damaged in knee dislocations?
proper initial treatment for patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
anti-hypertensive causing gynecomastia?
what increases upon removal of a kidney?
total peripheral resistance
beta blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity not recommended for patients with angina
acebutolol and pindolol
patient with vasculitic symptoms, eosiniophilia, and asthma?
access to vertebral artery via what?
suboccipital triangle
patients who develop digitoxin toxicity gradually during chronic therapy are often taking what type of drugs?
diuretics - hypokalemia and hypomagnesia
increased stroke volume causes what to happen to pulse pressure? in what type of patients is this seen?
wide pulse pressure - anemic patients
endomyocardial fibrosis with myocyte necrosis and a prominent eosinophilic infiltrate?
Loeffler endocarditis - result of direct toxicity to heart by proteins in eosinophil granules designed to kill large parasites
what types of pericarditis may follow acute MI?
fibrinous and serofibrinous pericarditis
what is caseous pericarditis typically due to?
these types of pericarditis can be seen in uremia, chest radiation, rheumatic fever, SLE, and following chest trauma
fibrinous and serofibrinous
this type of pericarditis is seen when pyogenic infections involve the pericardium, e.g. after cardiothoracic surgery
purulent pericarditis
this type of pericarditis is seen in non-infectious inflammations, e.g. rheumatic fever, lupus, scleroderma, tumors, and uremia
serous pericarditis
amyloid deposition in the myocardium results in what type of cardiomyopathy?
restrictive - can be seen in RA and other long-standing inflammatory conditions
what murmur is associated with a bicuspid aortic valve?
immediate diastolic murmur
what structures have the highest ratio of wall cross-sectional area to lumen cross-sectional area?
what type of protein is associated with RA?
AA amyloid protein
another name for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
administration of epinephrine after what type of drug causes a decrease in BP?
alpha adrenergic antagonist, e.g. phentolamine - blockes epi's vasoconstrictive action on arterioles
flow of blood through PDA?
aorta to left pulmonary artery
ACE inhibitors can cause what type of electrolyte disturbance?
small mass on mitral valve with finger-like projections; non-neoplastic
papillary fibroelastoma
calcium channel blocker associated with accelerated progression of CHF?
drug to slow ventricular response in Wolff-Parkinson White?
hypersensitivity angiitis or microscopic polyarteritis nodosa (can be caused by penicilin)
leukocytoclastic angiitis
in which part of the systemic circulation does the greatest decrease in blood pressure occur?