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15 Cards in this Set

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5 classes of antihypertensive drugs
diuretics
sympathoplegics
vasodilators
ACEI
AngII RB
2 types of diuretics used for high bp
hydrochlorothiazide
loop diuretics
sympathoplegics used in high BP
Clonidine
Hexamethonium
reserpine
guanethidine
B-Blocker
Methyldopa
Prazosin
CHaRGe to BLOCK My Pressure
Vasodilators used in high BP
Hydralazine
Minoxidil
Nifedipine/verapamil
Nitroprusside
My pressure- Never Never Very High
ACE inhibitors
captopril
enalapril
fosinopril
Ang II receptor blocker
Losartan
Side effects of hydrochlorothiazide
hypokalemia
hyperlipidemia
hyperglycemia
hypercalcemia
hyperuricemia
one thing decreases
4 things increase
ototoxicity, metabolic alkalosis, hypokalemia
Drug?
loop diuretics (furosamide)
MOA is alpha 2 agonist--> decrease catecholamine production.
What is a dangerous side effect
rebound hypertension
also cause dry mouth and fatigue
clonodine=drug
alpha 2 agonist that decreases TPR, SA is positive Coombs' test
methyldopa
orthostatic hypotension, blurred vision, constipation, sexual dysfuncion
hexamethonium
orthostatic hypotension, sexual dysfuncion, diarrhea
Guanethadine
no longer available in US
MOA=a1 adronergic blocker
SA?
orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, headache
prazosin
causes depression--> MOA?
depletes monoamines by irreversibly binding to storage vesicles
drug=reserpine
stimulation of B1 receptor results in what in the heart and kidney
inotropic and chronotropic
release of renin