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43 Cards in this Set

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DIGITALIZATION
IS THE PROCESS OF ESTABLASHING THE CORRECT THERAUPECT dose DIGOXIN WITHOUT TOXIC EFFECTS.
what is the action of DIGITALIS (Digoxin)?

Action: 1. 
INCREASE CONTRACTILITY
what is tha action of DIGITALIS (Digoxin)?
Action: 2
2. DECREASE electrical conduction inside the heart
MOST COMMON DRUG USE
CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES
digoxin (Lanoxin)
Indications:
DIGITALIS (Digoxin)
1. Heart failuRE AND Atrial fibrillation:
2. Atrial fibrillation: DIGITALIS (Digoxin HELPS FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION?
to control heart rate, prevent reoccurrence
Blood pressure is dependent on
1. blood volume
2. tightness of the blood vessels (vasoconstriction or vasodilation)
ALPHA blockers:Action:
VASODILATION, blocks alpha adrenergic receptors in blood vessels/prostate
Indications:alphablockers
enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy), and hypertension
side effect ALPHA BLOCKERS?
hypotension
BETA blockers: end in
“OLOL”
Action: BETA blockers:
decrase heart rate by blocking beta receptors in heart
WHAT IS THE ACTION OF ALPHA BLOCKERS?
VASODILATION, blocks alpha adrenergic receptors in blood vessels/prostate
Side effects:
beta blockers
BRADYCARDIA, (and hypotension)
beta blockers 2 names
Example: atenolol, metoprolol
CALCIUM channel blockers:
Action: VASODILATION Blocks calcium from getting into
smooth muscle of blood vessels
(reduced calcium = vessel can’t constrict = reduced BP)
Side effects:CALCIUM channel blockers:
hypotension
DIURETCS:
Action
Action: derease blood VOLUME
DIURETCS:

Side effects
: HYPOkalemia (K+) (and hypotension)Examples: hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide
ACE
(angiotensin converting enzyme blockers)
ARB
(angiotensin II receptor blockers)
Action:
VASODILATION: blocks renin-angiotensin system
I
indications
: heart failure & hypertension
Side effects: hypotension
Action:NITROGLYCERINE
VASODILATION
Indications: coronary artery disease & angina; heart failure
Side effects: NITROGLYCERINE
hypotension, headache; tolerance
:
NITROGLYCERINE
Contraindications
can NOT be taken with erectile dysfunction drugs (fainting!!!)
:
Availability
NITROGLYCERINE
SL pills, SL spray, topical patches, capsules, ointment, IV
ANTICOAGULANTS
Action:
PREVENT blood clots that could cause heart attack or stroke
I
ANTICOAGULANTS
ndications:
history of heart attack, stroke, leg clots, heart valve repair, arrhythmias
Side effects:
ANTICOAGULANTS
bleeding!
Examples: ANTICOAGULANTS
Coumadin (oral), slow acting (CI: no alcohol!)
Heparin (IV, SQ), fast acting
antiplatelet: aspirin, dipyridamole, Plavix (clopidogrel)
THROMBOLYTICS
Action:
DESTROY blood clots, dissolves existing clots
Indications:THROMBOLYTICS
emergency treatment of heart attack & stroke
Side effects:THROMBOLYTICS
bleeding!
Example: tPA
ANTIARRHYTHMICS
Action:
prevent & treat chronic and emergency heart arrhythmias
Side effects: ANTIARRHYTHMICS
arrhythmias!, hypotension
Examples: for tachycardias:
ANTIARRHYTHMICS
Amiodarone, Lidocaine, Procainamide
beta blockers
calcium blockers, adenosine, digitalis
:
for bradycardias
ANTIARRHYTHMICS
Atropine (anticholinergic)
ANTILIPEMIC (anti-cholesterol) drugs
Action:
1.  cholesterol production in liver
Side effects: liver problems, muscle tissue damage
Examples: “STATINS”: Lipitor (atorvastatin)
ANTILIPEMIC
2. Prevent absorption of cholesterol from intestine
:
Side effectsANTILIPEMIC
constipation
Example: ANTILIPEMIC
Zetia (ezetimibe)
ANTILIPEMIC
is an?
(anti-cholesterol) drugs