• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/82

Click to flip

82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tissue Paper My Assets
Blood flow through cardiac valves
Tricuspid
Pulmonic
Mitral
Aortic
S
P
A
S
M
S
Causes of Heart Murmers
Stenosis of a valve
Partial obstruction
Aneurysms
Mitral Regurgitation
Septal Defect
What are the 2 types of murmers?
Systolic and Diastolic
What are the 2 types of systolic murmers?
Crescendo-high during systole
Decrescendo-low during systole
What are diastolic murmers caused from?
Pathogens
These are symptoms of what?
Increased pulse
Increased Respirations
Retarded Growth
Fatigue
URI
Congential Heart Defect Symptoms
These are symptoms of what?
Epistaxis
Headaches
Dizziness and fainting
Nose Bleeds
Acyanotic Congenital Heart Defects
In a acyanotic congenital heart defects cause a ___ to ___ shunt of blood
left to right
This congenital heart defect causes a right to left shunt of blood and causes:
Squatting
Cyanosis
Clubbing
Cyanotic
An example of a cyanotic congenital heart defect is
Tetralogy of Fallot
This is produced as an impulse from SA and AV junction and causes atrial contraction
P-Wave
This causes conduction of impulse through the bundle of his to perkinje fibers casing contraction of ventricles
QRS Complex
This time between artrial depolarization and the start of ventricular conduction
PR interval
The hearts resting period
ST segment
Ventricular repolarization
T-Wave
Formula for finding heart rate on ekg is
Count # of "R" waves in 6 seconds and then X by ten

6 large blocks X 10=1 min rate
The heart must maintain an __________ metabolism
Aerobic
If a patient is experiencing _________ you should have them:
Sit Down
Adminster High Flow Oxygen
Adminster nitroglycerin
Loosen constrictive clothing
Maintain body
Angina Pectoris
These are the outcomes of a __________:
Sudden death
Cardiogenic Shock
Congestive Heart Failure
Pulmonary Edema
Cardia Dysrhythmias
Acute Myocardial Infarction
You do these for emergency:
Assess patient
Sit pt down
High flow 02
Continous vital signs
Formula for cardiac output
Cardiac Output= Heart Rate X Stroke Volume
Volume coming into ventricles which causes increases in hypervolemia and regurgitation of cardiac values
Preload
Resistance from the left ventricle which must overcome to circulate blood, which causes increased in hypertension and vasoconstriction.
Afterload
You treat congestive heart failure with UNLOAD FAST:
Upright position
Nitrates
Lasix
Oxygen
Aminophylline
Digoxin

Fluids
Afterload
Sodium restriction
TESTS
These are the symptoms of what?
Fatigue
Increased peripheral venous pressure
Ascites
Distended jugular veins
Anorexia and complaints of GI distress
Cyanosis
Dependent Edema
Right sided Heart Failure
These are symptoms of what?
Parxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
Elevated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
blood tinged sputum
cough
orthopnea
exertional dyspnea
cyanosis
Left Sided heart failure
If a pts hair is brittle or dry you should think poor ______ possibly due to cardiac or vascular insufficiency
Nutrition
If vascular changes in the eyes may be a result of increased ____ _____ and cause blue-tinged conjuctiva-possible cyanosis
Blood pressure
If your lips are blue you should think ___________
cyanosis
If the tongue is dry you should think ___________
dehydration
If the jugular vein is distended when the client is at a 45 degree angle think __________
hypervolemia
right sided heart failure
constrictive pericarditis
if you auscultate the chest and hear crackles you should consider?
Left sided heart faiulre
If the abdomin has fluid accumulation or enlarged tender liver it may indicate?
Right sided heart failure
If you palpate a pulstating mass in the abdomin it may indicate
AAA
clubbing of nails may indicate chronic low ____ sat
02
Absence of hair in the lower extremeties indicates:
poor circulation
Ace inhibitors end in _______
pril
Ex:
Captopril
Enalapril
Benzapril
Beta blockers end in ______
olol
Propranolol
Atenolol
Metaprolol
Examples of calicum antagonists are:
Verapamil
Diltiazem
Nifedipine
These are side effects of what medications:
Dizziness
Orthostatic Hypotension
GI Distress
Cough
Headache
Ace Inhibitors
This medication decreases peripheral vascular resistance without increase cardiac output, cardiac rate and cardiac contractility
Ace Inhibitors
These are side effects of what medications?
Orthostatic Hypotension
Tachycardia
Vertigo
Sexual Dysfunction
Adrenergic Antagonists Blockers
Give some examples of of adrenergic antagonist blockers
Cardura
Minipress
Aldomet
These medications block beta receptors in the heart causing decreased heart rate, force of contraction and rate of A-V conduction
Beta Blockers
Some side effects of beta blockers are?
Bradycardia
Lethargy
GI Disturbance
CHF
decreased BP
Depression
Beta 1 receptors affect the ?
Heart
Beta 2 blockers affect the ?
Lungs
These are symptoms of what?
Hypotension
Symptoms of CHF
Bradycardia
Drowsiness
Depression
Adrenergic Antagonists Beta blockers
Remember these drugs by Very Nice Drugs:
Verapamil
Nifedipine
Diltiazem
Calcium antagonist
These medications block calicum access to cells causing lowered contractility, conductivity of the heart which causes a lower demand for oxygen
Calicum Antagonists
Calcium antagonists cause these side effects:
lowered BP
Bradycardia
May precipitate AV block
Abdomial disconfort
peripheral edema
You check the ____ when taking coumadin
PT
You check ____ & _____ when taking Hearin
PTT & APTT
These drugs treat _____ and lower BP:
IDEA
Isoproterenol
Dopamine
Epinephrine
Atropine
DIURETIC stands for?
Daily Weight
I & O
Urine Output
Response of BP
Electrolytes
Take pulses
Ischemic episodes
Complications
You treat atrial fibillation with ______ and _______
Digoxin and diuretics
Treatment for 3rd degree heartblock is?
Pacemaker
Cornoary heart disease is the #1 killer of _____
women
Stiffing of the arterial wall
Arteriosclerosis
Build up of fatty deposits in the wall causing narrowing of lumen
Artherosclerosis
Pain in the chest
Angina Pectoris
These are signs and symptoms of what?
Dyspnea
palpations
N & V
lightheadness
perfussed perspiration
cool pale clammy skin
Angina
These are signs and symptoms of what?
Dyspnea
Angina
Palpation
Perfussed perspition
irregular pulses
rhythum changes
indigestion
Nausea and vomiting
change in skin color
CHD
Women who are having an MI describe this kind of pain
Scapula
These are treatments for what?
IV medications
Surgery
Morphine
NTG
Dietary restriction
MI
Exessive fluid build up in the lungs other organs or body part because of inadequate cardiac muscle pumping
Congestive Heart Failure
CHF causes what?
Mild to severe confusion or anxiety
Increased respiratory rate
SOB
Desire to sit or stand
Tachycardia
Abdominal distension
Cyanosis
Distended neck veins
PINK SPUTUM
You give this medication to someone in CHF
Isordil
If someone is having difficulty breathing while in CHF give them this medication:
Aminophylline
This medication works at a cellular level needing to give medication in a loading dose. It doesn't do anything for electrical conduction, but it makes cells more alert to make it be more forceful
Digoxin
You give these kind of medicaitons to someone in CHF
Ace inhibitors
Diuretcs for edema
Potassium
Betablockers
More _______ in the bloodstream the more fluid overload
sodium
Cardiomyopathy is
Cardiomyopathies are diseases of the heart muscle, also known as the myocardium, in which the actual muscle cells and surrounding tissues are sick.
You treat cardiomyopathy with?
Digoxin and diretics
You want someone with cardiomyopathy to ______ as tolerated and may be put on the transplant list
Exercise
This disease affects children between the ages 5-15 and is secondary to a beta hemolytic strep infection
Rhematic Heart Disease
Rhematic heart disease causes these symptoms
joint pain
fever
rash
fatigue
inflammation
You treat rhematic disease with what medication?
Pencillin
What age range is Kawaskis disease?
4-8
What causes kawskis disease?
Bacterial Cause
When you check pulses you wanna make sure you ch eck the pulses _____ to where the catherizarion is done
Distal
You treat kawaskis disease with what?
Aspirin