Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which cardiomyopathy is caused by a malfunction in the myocardium usually secondary to alcohol abuse (MCC), infections, drugs, or idiopathic causes?
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
What is the MC first symptom of Dilated Cardiomyopathy? What are the other symptoms?
#1 = Exertional Intolerance. Others include dyspnea, orthopnea, edema in LE, CP.
What is the mechanism of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
Cardiac dilitation leads to right and left systolic dysfunction and then CHF.
What is the heart sound usually associated with dilated cardiomyopathy?
S3 with possible mitral regurgitation.
Auscultation of the lungs reveals what sound when associated with dilated cardiomyopathy?
EKG findings on Dx of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Non-specific ST and T Wave changes along with LBBB.
CXR findings on Dx of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
-Pulmonary Vascular Congestion
Echocardiogram findings on Dx of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
-Dilated Chambers
-Thin Left Ventricle Walls
-Poor Wall Movement
Ejection Fraction associated with Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
Decreased; typically less than 30%.
Treatment of Cardiomyopathy
-Stop Alcohol/Offending Agent
-Treat CHF with diuretics, possible digoxin, and sodium restriction.
-ACE Inhibs
-BB for pt's with stable heart failure.
-Possible cardiac transplant.
Which cardiomyopathy is the MCC of sudden death in young athletes?
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Which arrhythmia is associated with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias
Which genetic cause is associated with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
Autosomal Dominant