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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What congenital heart disorders cause right-to-left shunts?
Tetralogy of Fallot, Transposition of great vessels, Truncus arteriosus
What congenital heart disorders cause left-to-right shunts?
VSD, ASD, PDA
What drug can be used to keep a PDA open? To close a patent PDA?
PGE used to keep it open; Indomethacin used to close it
What is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly?
VSD
What is Eisenmenger's anomaly?
When there is a left-to-right shunt, there will be increased pulmonary resistance due to arteriolar thickening. This will lead to pulmonary HTN until the pulmonary BP reaches that of the systemic BP. Eventually the left-to-right shunt will change to a right-to-left shunt...caused by uncorrected VSD, ASD or PDA
What is Tetralogy of Fallot?
Pulmonary stenosis, RVH, Overriding aorta, and VSD
What congenital cardiac defect is commonly seen with Turner's syndrome?
Coarctation of aorta
What congenital cardiac defect is commonly seen with Down syndrome?
ASD, VSD
What cardiac defect is commonly seen in infants of diabetic mothers?
Transposition of great vessels
What is Monckeberg?
Calcification of the arteries - benign
What is arteriolosclerosis?
Hyaline thickening of small arteries in essential HTN. "onion skining"
What is atherosclerosis?
Fibrous plaques form in the intima of arteries
What is Prinzmetal's variant angina?
Angina that occurs at rest secondary to coronary artery spasm
What is the most common coronary artery occlusion?
LAD > RCA > Circumflex
What murmur will be heard with mitral regurgitation?
Holosystolic high-pitched "blowing murmur". loudest at apex
What murmur will be heard with aortic stenosis?
Crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur following ejection click.
When will you hear a holosystolic murmur?
VSD
What will be heard with mitral prolapse?
Late systolic murmur with mid-systolic click.
When is a continuous machine-like murmur heard?
PDA
What is Libman-Sacks endocarditis? Caused by?
Vegetations develop on both sides of valve but do not embolize. Caused by Lupus
What is Virchow's triad?
Stasis, hypercoagulability, and endothelial damage
Where do most pulmonary emboli come from?
Deep leg veins