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45 Cards in this Set

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New York Heart Association Classifications
Functional capacity of heart in which physicians and researches accept as a standard for classification of cadiac conditions
Functional Classifications
Doctor's estimate of a person's symptoms
Estimate of what heart will allow person to do
Class I: no real losses
Class II, III
Class IV: inability to carry any activity without discomfort
Therapeutic Classes
Reflects the amount of physical activity recommended by the treating cardiologist considering all factors
Class A: physical activity doesn't need restriction
Class B, C, D
Class E: confined to bed, chair or wheelchair
METS
Metabolic Equivalent
1-10 Leveling
Estimate energy expenditure of physical activity in terms of oxygen consumption required to accomplish a task
Correspond to amount of oxygen required to perform given activity
Anginal Syndrome
temporary
Some don't subside- Cardiainficiency
Rheumatic: inflammation, degeneration and swelling of connected tissue
Rheumatic Carditis
Inefficient pumping
Individual develops strep
Damage to heart remains after strep infection goes away
Inefficient pumping
Heart can't propel enough blood
Cor Pulmonale
Heart/Lung condition
Cor: heart
Pulmonale: lungs
Cor Obstructive Pulmonale Disease (COPD)
Chronic
Asthma, Emphysema, Bronchitis
Affects bloods ability to pump through lungs
Part of heart- strain on right side
-> enlarged: heart is working too hard
Cardiovascular
Umbrella for all of heart and entire system
Distribute oxygen to every live tissue
Blood removes byproducts/wastes/hormones
Myocardio infarction
Heart attack
Angina Pectoris
Chest pain
Heart is not getting enough blood- which carries oxygen
Form of ischemia
Occlusive Arterial Disease
type of cardiovascular disease
Angioplasty
Stent is sent through artery to blockage and then pushes open plaque
Repair of artery
Stent
metallic cage into artery by catheter
Released into & open up artery
Endartectomy
Removal of interior Artery
CVA
cerebral vascular accident
Not necessarily TBI
stroke
insufficient blood flow to the brain
Arteries
Aorta- largest artery in body
Take blood away from heart
All carry oxygenated blood except Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonaorta- Right Heart
Red coloring
Veins
Vena Cava- largest vein in body
Take blood to heart
Blue-ish tint
All carry deoxygenated blood except Pulmonary Vein
Gives up oxygen
Pulmonary Vein- Right Heart
CHF
Congestive Heart Failure
Due to heart having difficulty pumping sufficient oxygen to the body
Fluid builds up
leads to Scarring
Vasodilators
Drugs that cause vessels to expand

Alcohol
Nitroglycerine
Vasoconstrictors
Drugs that cause vessels to constrict

Nicotine
Visine
Intermittent Claudication
Temporary Form of ischemia
Example: legs fall asleep due to inability to receive oxygen rich blood required during exercise
May not occur under certain conditions then acts up and goes away when stop activity
Atherosclerosis
Same as arteriosclerosis except takes place in one of larger arteries
May be localized
Narrows artery
Leads to ischemia
suffering: pins and needles, pain, numbness, fatigue
Arteriosclerosis
Generalized condition throughout body
Scarring of arteries, build up of fluids, plaque, cholesterol, fats
deposits inside vessels on walls
Thinning of the walls of the artery
Artery becomes rougher, can cause clot
don't pump blood as well- arteries stiffer
lead to occlusion
Rheumatic Fever
Inflammation of the heart from infection
Left Heart Systemic
Left ventricle to Right Atrium to all organs except Lungs
Right Heart Pulmonary
Right ventricle to Left atrium through Lungs
Myocardium
Smooth muscle- has mind of its own
Heart murmur
Regurgitation
4 valves in heart
blood enters in wrong direction
Pericarditis
outside/perimeter inflammation of heart
Endocarditis
Inside inflammation of heart damage
Destructive to other changes in tissue
Reduced Blood Supply Symptoms
Intermittent Claudication
Angina Pectos
Vasodilator
Narrowing Vessels
Arteriosclerosis
Artherosclerosis
Cor pulmonale
CHF
Thrombosis
arteries get occluded and then a clot forms
Clot occurs at site of narrowing
Embolism
Clot that forms somewhere but then traveled and got stuck in another place
Think: Emigrant
Aneurysm
Ballooning of an artery
Weak arterior walls
something you're born with and may never cause a problem
Hemorrhage
Exploding of an aneurysm or vessel
Artery is broken
Focal Occlusion
Tumor putting pressure on another vessel or tissue
Varicose Veins
Valves not completely closed
Results in back up of blood and puddles
Painful
Phlebitis
Vein inflammation
Can lead to thromophibitis
then lead to Embuli
Bacteria that's irritating vein
Buergers
inflammatory changes in arterior walls
lead to amputations
Raynauds
increase or decrease extremities
Veins contract and result in less blood flow
False message
Bad in winter
Vasculopathy
vascular disease
Peripheral Vascular Disease
problem getting blood circulation to periphery of body
example: arms, legs, nose
Peripherineurapathy
Not getting enough circulation
Death to nerves
Many people who have this- have diabetes and peripherovascular disease
Motor and sensory nerves impacted