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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
holosystolic murmur?
mitral regurg
VSD
how is mitral regurge different from VSD?
high pitched, blowign
loudest at apex
pulsus parvus et tardus?
aortic stenosis
midsystolic click, late systolic murmur?
mitral prolapse
wide pulse pressure?
aortic regurg
3rd degree block (slower heart rate causes increase in SV)
high pitched blowing diastolic murmur?
aortic regurg
opening snap, late diastolic rumble?
mitral stenosis
what gets louder with inspiration?
tricuspid stenosis
loudest at the time of S2?
PDA
continuous, machine-like murmur?
PDA
transmural infarct is indicated by what on EKG?
ST elevation
Q waves
distant heart sounds?
tamponade
pericarditis
pulsus paradoxus?
tamponade
pericarditis
serous pericarditis is caused by?
lupus
rheumatoid arthritis
uremia
infection
fibrinous pericarditis is caused by?
MI
uremia
rheumatic fever
hemorrhagic pericarditis is caused by?
TB
malignancy (ex. melanoma)
boot-shaped on X-ray?
Tetralogy of Fallot
best heard at left sternal border?
aortic regurg
Widened pulse pressure?
aortic regurg
3rd degree block
severe anemia
ASD
loud S1
wide, fixed split S2
most common congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD
what does low oxygen tension do to the ductus arteriosus?
maintain patency
what causes nonbacterial/marantic endocarditis?
metastasis or renal failure
subcutaneous nodules?
rheumatic fever
rheumatoid arthritis
electrical alternans?
cardiac tamponade
what can lead to DIC?
amniotic fluid emboli
what can embolize to the CNS?
myxomas
rheumatic heart disease can cause...
mitral regurg or mitral stenosis
what murmurs give you an S3?
mitral regurg
aortic regurg
what murmurs cause LVH?
aortic stenosis AND mitral regurg
greatly elevated L atrial pressure towards end of systole?
mitral regurg
what's endocardial fibroelastosis?
restrictive heart disease in children
what's endomyocardial fibrosis (Loffler's)?
restrictive heart disease
risk 4-10 days post MI?
risk 3-5 days post MI?
rupture
fibrinous pericarditis
thallium 201 scan shows...
perfusion defects
troponin I time frame?
rises after 4 hours, elevated 7-10 days
what causes ST depression?
digoxin
non-transmural infarct
when does neutrophil emigration occur?
2-4 days
pale infarcts occur in...
heart
kidney
brain
spleen
"beads on a string" on radiograph?
fibromuscular dysplasia
what does chronic ischemic heart disease result in?
progressive onset CHF
(due to chronic myocardial damage)
what is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death?
lethal arrhythmia
hyaline thickening is...
arteriosclerosis due to benign HTN
definition of HTN?
>140/90
essential HTN predisposes to___________
ischemic heart disease
22q11 syndromes are associated with...
trucus
tetralogy
rubella is associated with...
septal defects
PDA
diabetes is associated with...
transposition of the great vessels
what is infantile type coarctation?
preductal
associated with PDA
what causes tetraloy?
anterior displacement of the infundibular septum
congenital heart disease more common in girls?
ASD
what is truncus arteriosus?
single large vessel overrides VSD
what does a bundle branch block cause on EKG?
wide QRS
defect in His-Purkinje?
Mobitz type II
what causes phase 3 rapid repolarization of the AP?
massive K efflux due to opening of slow K channels
where is the diastolic BP on the PV loop?
when the aortic valve opens
when does T wave repolarize in cardiac cycle?
reduced ejection
paradoxical splitting is associated with...
aortic stenosis
(inspiration causes DECREASED splitting of the second heart sound, and P before A)
what causes decreases MSFP?
hemorrhage
spinal anesthesia (blocks sympathetic stimulation)
what does an AV fistuala do?
decrease TPR and incrase MSFP
decreased TPR rotates...
clockwise
what forms a fistula?
penetrating wound
Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome?
autosomal dominant hemorrhagic telangiectasia
Mormons
how is the ST elevation in MI different from in pericarditis?
in MI, ST elevation is followed by depression of the ST segment and QRS changes