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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angio
pretaining to vessels
arterio
artery
cardio
heart
epi
upon or over
hem (at)
blood
isch
reduced
aorta
largest artery in the body, carries blood from the left side of the heart to everywhere
atria
the upper chambers of the blood, collects the blood and fills it up
ventricles
two lower chambers, right sends blood to the lungs, left passes oxiginated blood to the body. they simultaneously contract
artery
blood vessile, carries blood away from the heart
vein
carries blood back to the heart
coronary arteries
vessel that carries blood from the aorta to the heart.
major arteries: left and right coronary arteries
sino artial (sa) node/ pacemaker
the in the upper chamber of the heart that sends electric impulses thru the heart to make the heart pump
atrio-ventricular node
a cluster of nerve cells in between the right and left nodes of the atrium, carry signals from the atria to the ventricles
pulse generator
contains the electroncs and the battery of the pacemaker
defibrillator
an internal or external device that gives a shock when it sences irregular heartbeats
sensor
the part of the pacemaker that sences the body's need for blood flow
endocardia
inner lining of the heart
epicardial
the outter lining of the heart
tachyarrhythmias
(tack yar hi ta mias)
abnormally fast heart rythm
synus rhythm
regular rhythm of the heart
plaque
fat deposits that cause narrowing blood vessels
pleura
2 walled sacs of membrane that cover the lungs
systole
when ventricls contract
diastole
when ventricls relax
3 types of cardio vascular system
no circiluatory (artrapods); open circiluatory (flat worm); closed circiluatory (humans)
myo
muscle
phleb
veins
sanguin
blood
throac
chest
thromb
clot
trachy
rapid
vas
vessels
dil
relax
sys
together
asys
not together
osis
disease, condition
emia
blood
coronary artery disease (CAD)
when the coronary artries harden or narrow due to plaque
arrhythmia
irregular or abnormal heartbeat

aka dysrhythmia
congenital heart defect
defect in one or more structure of the heart of blood vessels
cardiomyopathies
abnormally enlarged, tick or stiff heart.
pericarditis
inflammation of the lining of the heart
atherscloriss
hardening of the artries
hypertension
high blood pressure
aneurysm
abnromal bulge in the blood vessel.
atherecotmy
a procedure for removing plaque
bypass surgery
surgery done when the artery is too clogged, a vein from the leg is used
ace inhibitors
cause the blood vessels to enlarge and reduce blood pressure
electrocardiogram
ECG or EKG
measures the electrical activity fo the heartbeat