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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The most common cause of right sided heart failure is:
Left ventricular failure
The most common cause of right sided heart failure is:
Left ventricular failure
What are 3 situations in which right sided failure can occur WITHOUT left sided failure
Lung disease, cor pulmonale, pulmonic or aortic valve disease
Pulmonary hypertenion is associated with ____ -sided heart failure.
RIGHT
Congenital heart disease with Left-->right shunting can result in ____-sided heart failure.
RIGHT
What is the 1st cardiac sign of LHF?
S3 heart sound
If there is an increased workload, what effect does this have on end-diastolic pressure?
End-diastolic pressure increases and stretches the myocytes
What is the MAJOR cause of death in pts with untreated HTN?
CHF
Boggy congested lungs with frothy exudate of surfactant and blood
Pulmonary edema
Describe alveoli in pulmonary edema
Widened alveolar septal walls and a pink staining proteinaceous material in the alveoli
What does persistent congestion of the lungs induce?
Intraseptal fibrin deposition
What forms the characteristic chronic venous congestion or brown induration or hepatization that is noted in pulmonary edema?
Hemosiderin and fibrin
The most common manifestation of LVF
dyspnea
These 2 things can be measured to distinguish the difference between CHF and lung disease
ANF and BNP (they are present in presence of a hypertrophic ventricle)
What is the circulating half-life for BNP?
~22 minutes