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9 Cards in this Set

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List some causes for left-sided heart failure:
*Hypertension
*COPD
*Valvular disease
*Coronary Artery Disease
What are some of the symptoms of Left-Sided Heart Failure?
*Decreased tissue perfusion
*Pulmonary congestion
*Shortness of breath
*Weakness/dizziness
*Fatigue
*Confusion
What characterizes systolic heart failure?
The heart is unable to contract with adequate force
What characterizes diastolic heart failure?
The ventricles are unable to fill adequately during rest; primarily seen in the elderly and post-MI women
What is oliguria?
Inadequate urination (less than 400 ml/day)
List some of the manifestations of right-sided heart failure:
*Peripheral edema
*Increased blood pressure
*Liver engorgement/ascites
*Hepato-jugular reflux
*Diuresis at rest
*Dependent edema
*Weight gain
What is the "hallmark sign" of right-sided heart failure?
Hepato-jugular reflux
Which of the following usually presents with more edema: left or right-sided heart failure?
Right-sided heart failure
What is the cause of high-output failure?
*Heart is "worn out"
*Increased metabolic needs (septicemia, anemia, hyperthyroid, etc.)