Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This class of drug increases the force of contraction and slows the heart rate so is effective for CHF and atrial fibrillation
Cardiac glycosides
This drug is considered a positive inotrope and a negative chronotrope
Cardiac glycosides
Due to its inotropic effect, this drug will increase cardiac output and improve kidney perfusion
Cardiac glycosides
Too little of this electrolyte may predispose to digixin toxicity
What these symptoms indicate: anorexia, nausea, bradycardia, visual disturbances
Digoxin toxicity
The normal digoxin level
These drugs treat angina by dilating coronary arteries and decrease cardiac workload and 02 demand by relaxing peripheral veins and arterioles
This drug is mainly used as an antianginal, but is an adjunct for CHF and hypertension
A drug that reduces venous return will _____ preload
A drug that decreases peripheral vascular resistance is said to ______ afterload
Antihypertensives will have what effect on afterload?
This drug is often given sublingual, but is also available in oral, topical and IV forms.
How many doses of SL Nitro may be given?
3 doses 5 minutes apart
Headache and hypotension are common side effects of this drug
Beta blockers may be classified as having these 3 effects
Antianginal, antidysrhythmic, and antihypertensive
These drugs decrease the effects of the SNS by blocking the release of catecholamines so will decrease HR and BP
Beta blockers
The desired effect of beta blockers is to block which receptor?
Beta 1
Why are beta blockers used with caution in asthma patients?
Blockage of beta 2 receptors causes bronchoconstriction
Instruct patients to rise slowly with these meds
Calcium channel blockers have these 3 effects
Antianginal, antidysrhythmic, antihypertensive
This drug slows conduction through the AV node, relaxes coronary arteries, decreases contractility and workload,and relaxes smooth muscle so will decrease HR and BP and decrease chest pain
Calcium channel blockers
Monitor HR and BP before these meds
Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, alpha adrenergic blockers
These drugs stimulate alpha 2 receptors to decrease SNS activity and decrease catecholamines
Alpha 2 agonists
Blocking stimulation of alpha 1 receptors in the vasculature will result in _______
These drugs may decrease LDL and increase HDL
Alpha adrenergic blockers
ACE Inhibitors are classified as this
These drugs block the release of aldosterone resulting in sodium and water excretion and K retention. They also cause vasodilation.
ACE Inhibitors
This drug may be accompanied by hyperkalemia
ACE Inhibitors
These drugs act on the distal tubule to excrete sodium, chloride and water
Thiazide diuretics
These drugs act on the ascending Loop of Henle
Loop diuretics
These drugs may result in hypokalemia
Thiazide and loop diuretics
The normal K level
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
The "olols"
Beta blockers
The "prils"
ACE Inhibitors
Often prescribed for patients on thiazide or loop diuretics
K supplement
Potassium rich diet advised for patients on which meds?
Digoxin, Thiazide and Loop diuretics
Watch for hypotension and dizziness with which meds?
All antihypertensives
This drug inhibits the sodium-potassium pump which increases intracellular colcium and causes cardiac muscle fibers to contract more efficiently
Cardiac glycosides
Avoid getting this medication on your fingers
Not first line treatment for hypertension- often used with diuretics, calcium channel blockers, or ACE Inhibitors
Alpha drugs
Renin angiotensin aldosterone,