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93 Cards in this Set

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ACROCYANOSIS
Bluish tinge (cyano) to the tips (acro) of the extremities
ANGINA PECTORIS
Strangling (angina) pain in the chest area (pectus)
ANGIOGRAM
X-ray procedure done to blood vessels (angio) involving the injection of a radiopaque substance into the selected bolood vessel
APICAL RATE
Pulse rate at the apex(apical, variation of apex) of the heart
ARRHYTHMIA
Condition (ia) in which the normal rhythm(rhythm) of the heart is absent (a)
ARTERIOGRAPHY
X-ray films (graphy) taken of the arteries (arterio)
ATRIAL FLUTTER
Rapid contraction (flutter) of the atria of the heart
AUSCULTATION
Process of listening (auscul) for heart sounds
BLOOD PRESSURE (BP)
Pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels. The blood pressure is recorded in two numbers. The top number indicates the pressure during contraction of the heart (systole). The bottom onde indicates the pressure during relaxation(diastole).
BRADYCARDIA
Condition in which the heart rate (cardia) is slower (brady) than normal
BRUISE
Discoloration of the skin that results from breaking (bruise) superficial blood vessels with the release of blood in the tissue
BRUIT
Abnormal heart sound heard by listening with a stethoscope
CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION
Passage of a catheter, a tube for injecting or removing fluid, into the heart for the purpose of obtaining blood samples directly from the heart and taking pressure readings in the heart. This is done to determine abnormalities in cardiac circulation
CARDIAC OUTPUT
Amount of blood pumped (output) by the heart (cardiac) each minute
CARDIOMEGALY
Condition in which the heart (cardio) is enlarged (megaly)
CLAUDICATION
Lameness or limping (claudication) that results from a decrease in the blood supply in the legs
ECCYMOSIS
Condition (osis) in which there is an outpouring of fluid (chym) that is blood under the skin resulting in a purple spot
ECHOCARDIOGRAM
Use of sound to produce a picture (gram) of the sound waves (echo) from the different parts of the heart (cardio)
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM (EKG or ECG)
Record (gram) of the electrical (electro)activity of the heart (cardio)
EDEMA
Condition in which there is swelling (edema) of parts of the body from an accumulation of fluid outside the blood vessels
EXTRASYSTOLE
The heart contracts (systole) more often (extra) than it should: the heart does not get an oppurtunity to relax before the next contraction starts. Sometimes referred to as premature contraction of the heart
FIBRILLATION
Action (tion) of uncontrolled twitching fo the fibers (fibrill) of the heart muscles. May be atrial fibrillation, in which the atria twitch, or ventricular fibrillation, in which the ventricles twitch
MURMUR
Sound heard thru a stethoscope produced by abnormal opening and closing of the valves in the heart or by abnormal flow of blood thru the heart. Murmurs are not always considered to be abnormal
PALPITATION
Awareness of an abnormally strong or abnormally rapid beating of the heart
PLETHYSMOGRAPHY
Test done to measure and record (graphy) variations in size (plethysmo) of blood vessels or extremities because of variations in the amount of blood passing thru a blood vessel or contained in a part
PULSE PRESSURE
Pressur resulting from subtracting the diastolic pressure from the systolic pressure. EX: systolic pressure of 120 minus diastolic pressure of 80 indicates a pulse pressure of 40
RADIAL RATE
Pulse rate at the wrist that can be felt near the end of the radius (radial)
SPHYGMOMANOMETER
Instrument for measuring the pressure (manometer) of the blood by measuring the force of the pulse (sphygmo). The device is used for a mesurement of blood pressure, also known as a blood pressure cuff
STETHOSCOPE
Instrument used to "view" (scope), or hear, the sounds produced in the chest (stetho)
TACHYCARDIA
Condition in which the heart (cardia) beats faster (tachy) than normal
THRILL
Fine vibration felt by the hand on the chest surface, resulting from a loud murmur
VASODILATION
Dilation, or widening of deamteter of blood vessels (vaso)
VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
Increase (hyper) in size (trophy) of the ventricle or the ventricles of the heart
ANEURYSM
Dilation or widening (eury) of blood vessel caused by a weakness in the wall of the blood vessel.
AAA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Weakening in the walls of the abdominal aorta
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
Disease (osis) characterized by hardening (scler) of the walls of arteries (arterio).
ATERIOSCLEROTIC HEART DISEASE
(ASHD)
Disease state of the heart in which the arteries (arterio) have become hardened (sclerotic)
ARTERITIS
Inflammation (itis) of an artery (arter)
ATHEROSLEROSIS
Form of arteriosclerosis in which fatty substances (athero) deposit in and between the layers of the lining of ther arteries
AVASCULAR NECROSIS
Condition in which there is deathe of tissue (necrosis) because of the lack (a) of blood supply thru the blood vessles (vascular)
BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS
Inflammation (itis) of the inside (endo) lining of the heart (card) caused by bacteria
CARDIOMYOPATHY
Disease (pathy) of the heart (cardio) muscle (myo)
CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE
Sudden failure (collapse) of the circulatory system and respiratory system resulting in a profound degree of shock
CONGENITAL HEART DEFECT
Heart defect that a child is born (genital) with (con)
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
Condition in which the heart fails to pump blood adequately and there is resultant congestion or backup of blood
COR PULMONALE
Form of heart (cor) disease resulting from disease in the lungs (pulmonale)
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD)
Disease of the arteries involved in coronary circulation, which supplies blood to the heart itself
CORONARY OCCLUSION
Obstruction (occlusion) in the circulation oto the heart
EMBOLUS
Ball (bollus) of clotted blood and possibly other substances that is carried within (em)the bloodstream
HEART ATTACK
Sudden seizure (attach) of pain and inability of the heart to function because an interference in the coronary circulation
HEART BLOCK
Normal path of the electrical conduction thru the heart is blocked, preventing a nomral contraction of the heart
HEMANGIOMA
Tumor(oma) consisting of blood (hem) vessels (angi). Also called angioma
HEMATOMA
Collection of blood in surrounding tissues
HEMORRHOID
Dilated vein filled with blood (hemo) in the area of the anal sphincter
HYPERTENSION
Elevated (hyper) of the blood pressure (tension) above normal limits. High blood pressure
HYPOTENSION
Condition of low (hypo) blood pressure (tension)
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Necrosis or death (infarct) of a portion of the heart (cardial) muscle (myo)
MYOCARDIAL INSUFFICIENCY
Action of the muscle (myo) of the heart(cardial) is not (in) adequate (sufficient)
MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA
Decrease (isch) in the blood (hemia) supply to the muscle (myo) of the heart (cardial)
PHLEBITIS
Inflammation (itis) of a vein (phleb)
PULMONARY STENOSIS
Condition (osis) in which there is constriction or narrowing (sten) of the main blood vessel to the lungs (pulmonary)
RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
Damage to the heart and scarring of the heart valves resulting from rheumatic fever
SHOCK
Collapse of circulatory function
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
Reaction from a severe allergy. The shock occurs because the person is not (ana) protected (phylactic) from a particular protein substance
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
Shock that is produced (genic) from a failure of the cardiac system
NEURONGENIC SHOCK
Shock that is produced (genic) from a failure of the nervous system
HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
Shock caused from a decrease (hypo) in the volume (vol) of circulating blood (emic)
SUBACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS (SBE)
A bacterial inflammation (itis) of the inside (endo) of the heart (card). It is below (sub) the acute stage
CARDIAC TAMPONADE
Condition in which fluid accumulates in the pericardial sac around the heart muscle. The accumulated fluid builds to a point where the heartbeat is impaired, thus, the flow of blood is blocked (tampon). Also called hemopericardium.
HEMOPERICARDIUM
There is blood (hemo) in the sac around the heart (pericardium)
THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS
Inflammation (itis) of a blood vessel (angi) that results in the formation of a blood clot (thrombo) that obstructs (obliterans) the flow of blood thru the vessel
THROMBOPHLEBITIS
Inflammation (itis) of a vein (phleb) that results in the formation of a blood clot (thrombo)
THROMBUS
blood clot(thrombus) attached to the wall inside a blood vessel
VALVULAR DISEASE
Disease of the valves of the heart can be of three types:
Insufficiency, regurgitation, stenosis
VALVULAR INSUFFICIENCY
Valve does not work efficiently
VALVULAR REGURGITATION
Valve does not close completely, allowing some blood to flow (gurgita) back(re)
VALVULAR STENOSIS
Condition (osis) in which there is narrowing (sten) of the opening of a valve
VARICOSE VEINS
Enlarged, twisted veins, particularly in the lower extremities
ANGIOPLASTY
Procedure in which a small catheter with a balloon end is inserted into a blood vessel (angio) to reshape (plasty) the inside of the vessel
BYPASS SURGERY
Surgery done on blood vessels for the purpose of installing a graft that will bypass an occluded blood vessel. A graft carries the blood supply around the point of occlusion in a blocked vessel, thereby passing the occlusion
CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)
Act of restoring consciousness (resuscitate) by forcing air into the lungs (pulmonary) and forcing blood from the heart (cardio)
DEFIBRILLATION
Stopping (de) the uncontrolled twitching (fibrillation) of the heart through the use of medications or electric shock
EMBOLECTOMY
Surgical removal (ectomy) of a blood clot
ENDARTERECTOMY
Surgical removal (ectomy) of a thrombus and the abnormally thickened inside (end, combining form of endo) lining of an artery (arter).
HEART TRANSPLANT
Procedure in which the heart of one person is put into the body of another person
INTRAVENOUS THERAPY
Injection into(intra) a vein (venous) of essential nutrients of drubs for treatment (therapy) of disease
MITRAL COMMISSUROTOMY
Surgical cutting (otomy) of the seam (commissure) of the flaps of the mitral valve. An operation for mitral stenosis
OPEN HEART SURGERY
Surgical procedure done during which the heart is opened
PHLEBOTOMY
Opening (otomy) into a vein (phleb) for the purpose of removing blood
PACEMAKER IMPLANT
Implanting of an artifical device that keeps (maker) the rate (pace) of the heart in a desirable range
PORTACAVAL SHUNT
Procedure done in which a branch of the portal vein (porta) is sewn to the vena cava (caval). The portal blood is thus diverted (shunt) around the liver
VALVE REPLACEMENT
Surgical procedure in which the heart is opened and a valve that is defective is replaced with a new valve
VENIPUNCTURE
Puncture of a vein (veni) with a needle, or the insertion of a catheter for diagnostic procedure