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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List the valvular defects in order of incidence:
Arotic stenosis>aortic regurgitation>mitral regurgitaion>mitral stenosis>mitral valve prolapse>pulmonic stenosis>tricuspid regurgitation>ventricular septal defect>hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Harsh midsystolic murmur in the right second intercostal space at the right sternal border, radiating into the neck and apex
Aortic stenosis
Blowing, high-pitched diastolic murmur at the left two to fourth interspaces radiating to apex
Aortic regurgitation
Blowing holosystolic murmur at apex radiating into left axilla with increased apical impulse
Mitral regurgitation
Low-pitched diastolic murmur at the apex that gets louder prior to S1; an opening snap is often present just after S2
Mitral stenosis
Soft, late systolic murmur at left sternal border or apex, accompanied by midsystolic click
Mitral valve prolapse
Harsh midsystolic murmur in the left second intercostal space at the left sternal border
Pulmonic stenosis
Blowing holosystolic murmur at lower left sternal border radiating to right of sternum; may increase with inspiration
Tricuspid regurgitation
Harsh holosystolic murmur at lower left sternal border, accompanied by thrill
Ventricular septal defect
Harsh midsystolic murmur in the third and fourth left interspaces radiating down left sternal border. S4 and biphasic apical impulse often present.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy