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40 Cards in this Set

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stickler
n.坚持己见的人, 困难的问题

a stickler for detail
abhor
vt.憎恶, 痛恨
dejection
n.沮丧, 粪便

dejection creeps in
twinge
n.一阵一阵痛, 如刺一样痛, 剧痛
vt.使一阵一阵痛, 刺痛
vt.感到剧痛, 刺痛

You began to feel a slight twinge of resentment.
outdistance
v.抛在后头, 凌驾

As a result, he often finds himself rapidly outdistancing the others.
cohort
n.军队, 步兵大队, 一群

The further ahead he is, the greater the effort required to pull his cohorts along.
sacrosanct
adj.极神圣的
excoriate
v.批判
reduce
vt.减少, 缩小, 简化, 还原

To the technician, all ideas have to be reduced to methodology if they are to be of any value. And with good reason.
Put another way,
Put another way, while the entrepreneur dreams the manager frets, and the technician ruminates.
wrench
n.扳钳, 扳手, 猛扭, 痛苦, 扭伤
vt.猛扭, 使扭伤, 曲解, 抢, 折磨
vi.猛扭, 绞痛
dehumanize
v.使失掉人性, 使成兽性

dehumanizing
antiseptic
adj.防腐的, 杀菌的, 消过毒的
n.防腐剂, 杀菌剂
impersonal
adj.非个人的
meddler
n.爱管闲事的人, 干涉者
lurch
n. 举步蹒跚, 徘徊, 困境
vi.惨败, 倾斜, 徘徊
vt.击败

lurch into the future
adolescence
n.青春期(一般指13至15的发育期)
abdication
n.退位, 让位
estrangement
n.疏远
vengeance
n.复仇, 报仇
transmute
v.改变
paternalistic
adj.家长式作风的
arcanum
n.秘密, 奥秘, 秘药

1. A secret; a mystery.
2. Specialized or mysterious knowledge, language, or information that is not accessible to the average person (generally used in the plural).
nebbish
n.<口>不受重视的人, 无用的人

A weak-willed, timid, or ineffectual person.

Nebbish is from Yiddish nebekh, "poor, unfortunate," of Slavic origin.

You used to be a nebbish, a noodle, a fool. And now you're Mr. Big Time with your own private pool.

Poor Humphrey is a nebbish, a fellow whose private passivity is intended to contrast with the dramatic historic events that sweep around him.
tenet
n.原则

Any opinion, principle, dogma, belief, or doctrine that a person holds or maintains as true.

Tenet comes from Latin tenet "he holds" (something as true), from tenere, "to hold."

George lived his life by the simple tenet 'Do unto others before they do unto you.
aggress
v.攻击, 侵犯

To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to make an attack.

Na can never bring himself to aggress or fight back, but he is capable of a delicious malice.
breastsummer
n.[建]过梁,托墙梁

A horizontal beam supporting a wall over a large opening,
such as a shop window.

Breakfast-room has inglenook fireplace with breastsummer beam over window seat.
unguent
n.油膏

A salve for sores, burns, or the like; an ointment.

Mara quickly smoothed a sweet smelling unguent over Tallis' burns and his pain from them was much lessened.
diaphanous
adj.透明的, 精致的

Diaphanous ultimately derives from Greek diaphanes, "showing through," from diaphainein, "to show through, to be transparent," from dia-, "though" + phainein, "to show, to appear." It is related to phantom, something apparently sensed but having no physical reality.

1. Of such fine texture as to allow light to pass through; translucent or transparent.
2. Vague; insubstantial.

The curtains are thin, a diaphanous membrane that can't quite contain the light outside.

She needed more than diaphanous hope, more than I could give her.
hardscrabble
[美]贫脊的, 非常穷困的

From English hard + Dutch schrabbelen (to scrape). Ultimately from the Indo-European root sker- (to cut) that's also the source of words such as skirt, sharp, scrape, screw, shard, shears, carnage, curt, & carnivorous.

1. Yielding little for much effort.

2. Relating to a place that provides for bare subsistence.
ludic
adj.顽皮的, 开玩笑的

Ludic derives from Latin ludus, "play." Ludicrous, "amusing or laughable," shares the same root.

Of or relating to play; characterized by play; playful

Watching the children engaged in their ludic pastimes always re-energized Jason's creative batteries.
abed
adv.在床上, 卧病在床

Abed is the prefix a-, "in, on" (from Old English an) + bed (from Old English bedd).

When I lay abed as a boy in our ranch house, listening to those trucks growl their way up highway 281, the sound of those motors came to seem as organic as the sounds of the various birds and animals who were apt to make noises in the night.
axenic
adj.[争]无异种生物混杂的, 无外来污染的,无菌的

From Greek a- (not) + xenikos (foreign). Ultimately from the Indo-European
root ghos-ti- (stranger, guest, or host, literally one who has a reciprocal
duty of hospitality) that also gave us host, hostel, hostile, hostage,
hospice, hospital, xenophobia, and xenon (a gas).

Free from contamination.
mulct
n.罚金
vt.处以罚金, 抢夺

Mulct comes from Latin multa, "a fine."

1. To punish for an offense or misdemeanor by imposing a fine or demanding a forfeiture.
2. To obtain by fraud or deception.
3. To defraud; to swindle.

Rather than paying for new roadway infrastructure the honest way, by raising gas taxes, officials instead elected to mulct the public in a confounding variety of legal and extra-legal fashions.
levity
n.轻率, 轻浮, 不稳定, 多变

Levity is from Latin levitas, from levis, "light."

1. Lightness of manner or speech, especially when inappropriate or excessive; frivolity.
2. Lack of steadiness or constancy; changeableness.

I must say that if the doctor was indulging in levity at my expense, it is a levity I find in the worst possible taste.
incommode
v.妨碍

From Latin incommodus (inconvenient), ultimately from the Indo-European
root med- (to take appropriate measures) that is also the source of
medicine, modern, modify, modest, and modulate.

To inconvenience.
chimera
n.[希神]狮头, 羊身, 蛇尾的吐火怪物, 妖怪, 狂想

1.(Capitalized) A fire-breathing she-monster represented as having a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.
2. Any imaginary monster made up of grotesquely incongruous parts.
3. An illusion or mental fabrication; a grotesque product of the imagination. 4. An individual, organ, or part consisting of tissues of diverse genetic constitution, produced as a result of organ transplant, grafting, or genetic engineering.

Considering the actual lack of competition in their particular product niche, the company's constant harping on 'remaining competitive' seemed, to Franklin, like little more than throwing lances at chimeras.
quixotic
adj.唐吉诃德式的, 狂想家的

Quixotic refers to the eccentric, generous idealism of Don Quixote, the hero of a satiric romance by Miguel de Cervantes.

1. Caught up in the romance of noble deeds and the pursuit of unreachable goals; foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals.
2. Capricious; impulsive; unpredictable.

Some of his plans were quixotic and much too good for this world, but he never wavered in a cause that he considered just and he commanded the respect of all who opposed him.

I was amazed to learn that he didn't have much experience climbing mountains and that he wasn't intending to do any intensive training for his quixotic expedition.
malefactor
n.犯罪分子

The combining form male- meaning 'evil' occurs in words derived from
Latin.

One who does harm.
jeremiad
n.悲叹, 悲痛, 悲哀的故事

Jeremiad comes from French jérémiade, after Jérémie, Jeremiah, the prophet.
A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; also, a dolorous or angry tirade.

Economics ministers in general were taken aback when a recent World Bank report -- after a year of jeremiads -- suggested the crisis was being exaggerated.