Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/10

Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
guzzle
v.狂饮, 暴食, 喝酒化掉(钱)

Guzzle a 20-ounce bottle of Pepsi and it will cost you 250 calories...
splurge
n.卖弄, 炫耀, 夸示
vi.卖弄, 炫耀, 挥霍
vt.挥霍

Although loaded beverages can be a delicious occasional splurge (I admit it!), when it comes to managing your weight, remember to account for those calories - and moderate your intake.
fructose
n.果糖
taciturn
adj.沉默寡言的
Habitually silent; not inclined to talk.

A normally taciturn sort, Mike was surprisingly voluble that evening when the topic of public health care was brought up.

Taciturn comes from Latin taciturnus, from tacere, "to be silent."
indurate
v.坚硬
1. Physically or morally hardened; unfeeling; stubborn.
2. To make hard; to harden.
3. To harden against; to make hardy; to habituate.
4. To make hardened; to make callous or stubborn.
5. To establish; to fix firmly.
6. To grow hard; to harden.
7. To become established or fixed.

They are completely indurate. They aren't hard-nosed; they live without any sense of malice. There is no time or need for others.

Only an exceptionally strong personality or a criminal indurated by bitter experience can withstand prolonged, skillful interrogation in silence.

But "hard cheeses indurate, soft cheeses collapse." People don't change, they set in.

Indurate is derived from the past participle of Latin indurare, from in-, intensive prefix + durare, "to harden," from durus, "hard."
perihelion
n.[天]近日点

The point in the orbit of a celestial body that is nearest to the sun.

[From Greek peri- (around, near) + helios (sun). The point farthest from
the sun is called aphelion, from apo- (away).]
paean
n.欢乐歌, 赞美歌
1. A joyous song of praise, triumph, or thanksgiving.
2. An expression of praise or joy.

Sharon sat down with the intent of writing a song of protest against the administration, but what she ended up with was no less than a paean to the very act of protesting itself.

Paean comes from Latin paean, "a hymn of thanksgiving, often addressed to god Apollo," from Greek paian, from Paia, a title of Apollo.
maudlin
adj.感情脆弱的
n.脆弱的感情
Tearfully or excessively sentimental.

Maudlin is an alteration of (Mary) Magdalene, who in paintings was often represented with eyes red and swollen from weeping.

He was a bad drunk and became maudlin and weepy and would often have to be carried home by his friends.

A film about blindness could easily get maudlin or, at the other extreme, cynically heartless.
facetiae
n.滑稽文章, 诙谐, 黄色小说
Witty or humorous remarks or writings.

From Latin facetia (jest).

Guy is a writer of facetiae. He asks the tough questions.
solecism
n.语法错误, 谬误, 失礼

1. A nonstandard usage or grammatical construction; also, a minor blunder in speech.
2. A breach of good manners or etiquette.
3. Any inconsistency, mistake, or impropriety.

Solecism comes from Latin soloecismus, from Greek soloikizein, "to speak incorrectly," from soloikos, "speaking incorrectly," literally, "an inhabitant of Soloi," a city in ancient Cilicia where a dialect regarded as substandard was spoken.

In those days smoking in the streets was an unpardonable solecism.