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32 Cards in this Set

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n.千变万化的风景, 幻灯的一种

1. A shifting series or succession of things seen or imagined, as in a dream.
2. Any constantly changing scene.

Phantasmagoria is from French phantasmagorie, from phantasme, "phantasm" (from Greek, from phantazein, "to make visible," from phantos, "visible," from phainein, "to show") + -agorie, perhaps from Greek agora, "assembly."

A morbid fear of the number 13 or the date Friday the 13th.

Triskaidekaphobia is from Greek treiskaideka, triskaideka, thirteen (treis, three + kai, and + deka, ten) + phobos, fear.

In Christian countries the number 13 was considered unlucky because there were 13 persons at the Last Supper of Christ. Fridays are also unlucky, because the Crucifixion was on a Friday. Hence a Friday falling on the thirteenth day is regarded as especially unlucky.
adj.非正统的, 异端的
1. Contrary to or differing from some acknowledged standard, especially in church doctrine or dogma; unorthodox.
2. Holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines.

Heterodox comes from Greek heterodoxos, "of another opinion," from hetero-, "other" + doxa, "opinion," from dokein, "to believe."
vt.使适应新环境, 使服水土
vi.服水土, 适应
To accustom or become accustomed to a new climate, environment, or situation.

Getting acclimated to being in the suburbs, Sally? Mrs. Westin asked.

The Korbels did not have much time to pull their lives together and acclimate themselves to English culture.

Acclimate is from French acclimater, from a-, "to" (from Latin ad-) + climat, "climate," from Late Latin clima, climat-, from Greek klima, "inclination; the supposed slope of the earth toward the pole; region; clime," from klinein, "to lean."
n.[台球]连撞两球, 连击, <美>碰击弹回
vi.一击连撞二球, 碰击而反跳

1. A rebound following a collision; a glancing off.
2. A shot in billiards in which the cue ball successively strikes two other balls on the table.
3. To strike and rebound; to glance.
4. To make a carom.
5. To make (an object) bounce off something; to cause to carom.

The anger caroms around in our psyches like jagged stones.

Carom derives from obsolete carambole, from Spanish carambola, "a stroke at billiards."

Dry; withered.

Recent rains have done little to relieve the sere conditions.
n.化身, 天神下凡, 具体化
1. The incarnation of a deity -- chiefly associated in Hinduism with the incarnations of Vishnu.
2. An embodiment, as of a quality, concept, philosophy, or tradition; an archetype.
3. A temporary manifestation or aspect of a continuing entity.
n.交谈, 闲谈

1. Familiar talk; easy, unrestrained, unceremonious conversation.
2. (Psychology) A plausible but imagined memory that fills in gaps in what is remembered.
adj.饮酒的, 嗜酒的, 吸水的
1. Of, pertaining to, marked by, or given to the consumption of alcoholic drink. 2. Readily absorbing fluids or moisture.

Ever since he discovered the joys of the fermented grape, a bibulous Frank had been waking up each Saturday and Sunday feeling the worse for wear.

Bibulous comes from Latin bibulus, from bibere, "to drink."
vt.以甜言蜜语哄骗, 勾引

To persuade with flattery, repeated appeals, or soothing words; to coax.

Cajole derives from Early Modern French cajoler, originally, "to chatter like a bird in a cage, to sing; hence, to amuse with idle talk, to flatter," from Old French gaiole, jaiole, "a cage," from Medieval Latin caveola, "a small cage," from Latin cavea, "an enclosure, a den for animals, a bird cage," from cavus, "hollow." It is related to cave, cage and jail (British gaol).

1. An abnormal craving for spiced food.

2. Softening of the organ or tissue.

From Greek malakia (softness), ultimately from the Indo-European root
mel- (soft) which also gave us malacology (study of mollusks), malt,
melt, and mulch.
n.煽动暴乱, 骚乱, 煽动性的言论(或行为)
Conduct or language inciting resistance to or rebellion against lawful authority.

While there were those generous souls who would have called Jake's newsletter 'sedition,' everyone else considered it little more than the whinings of a disenchanted brat.

Sedition comes from Latin seditio, sedition-, "a going apart," hence "revolt, insurrection," from se-, "apart" + itio, ition-, "act of going," from ire, "to go."
adj.天上的, 神的, 高的, 超自然的

1. Being in or coming from the heavens or a higher place or region.
2. Relating or belonging to things above; celestial; heavenly.
3. Lofty; of surpassing excellence.

supernal force
adj.桥那边的, 泰晤士(Thames)河南岸的

1. Across the bridge.
2. Situated on the south side of the Thames River in London.

3. Melodramatic (alluding to the type of dramas once performed in theaters south of the Thames).

From Latin trans- (across) + pont (bridge). Ultimately from the Indo-European root pent- (to tread) that also gave us words such as English find, Dutch pad (path), French pont (bridge), and Russian sputnik (traveling companion).
Bush unveils modest mortgage proposals
a set of proposals
President Bush on Friday announced a set of modest proposals to deal with an alarming rise in mortgage defaults that have contributed to turbulent financial markets over recent weeks.
offer a proposal
Officials in the troubled housing industry said the important thing was that the administration had finally offered a proposal, a step they said should help calm global financial markets that have been on a rollercoaster ride in recent weeks as investors worried about a serious credit crunch.
head on
It is good for markets, both domestically and internationally, to see that the White House is facing the problem head on and at least starting to do something about it.
vi.昏晕, 惊讶, 酣睡
n.狂喜, 陶醉
To feel or express discontent

Even though Mara indicated that she regretted the source of her sudden wealth, she could not repine at its consequences.

Repine is re- (from the Latin) + pine, from Old English pinian, "to torment," ultimately from Latin poena, "penalty, punishment."
adj.异乎寻常的, 过分的, 惊人的Conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible.

But by failing to understand the asymmetry of commitment between the United States and the Vietnamese communists, they paved the way for committing the most egregious error a country going to war can make: underestimating the adversary's capacity to prevail while overestimating one's own.

Mr. Gordon says he does not particularly like President Clinton, who also gets lavished with high job-approval ratings despite egregious personal acts.
coddled egg

A coddled egg is cooked in liquid slowly and gently just below the boiling point.
vt.娇养, 溺爱, 煮蛋
n.娇生惯养的人, 身体虚弱的人

To render favorably inclined; to appease; to conciliate (one offended).

To render favorably inclined; to appease; to conciliate (one offended).
adj.无法攻取的, 要塞坚固的, 不受影响的, 可以受孕的的
1. Not capable of being stormed or taken by assault; unconquerable; as, an impregnable fortress.
2. Difficult or impossible to overcome or refute successfully; beyond question or criticism; as, an impregnable argument.

While the Nazi's shored up their defenses in an attempt to make themselves impregnable against a sea borne assault, the Allies were able to push aside their years of planning and took the beaches in just a few hours, although at a horrendous loss of life.

Impregnable is from Old French, from the prefix im-, "not" (from Latin in-) + prenable, "able to be taken or captured," from prendre, "to take," from Latin prehendere.
n.威吓, 诅咒

1. A denunciation.
2. A threat of punishment.

Commination is derived from Latin comminatio, commination-, from comminari, "to threaten," from com-, intensive prefix + minari, "to threaten."

Vishnevskaya's powerful story is full of ferocious, grandly operatic comminations of vicious authorities and toadying colleagues.
adj.(诗)强大的, 有势力的

Via French from Latin posse (to be able), ultimately from the Indo-European root poti- (powerful, lord) that is also the source of power, potent, possess, possible, posse.
n.[宗](尤指讲解《圣经》的)布道, (冗长乏味的)说教
1. A sermon; a discourse on a religious theme.
2. A moralizing lecture or discourse.
3. An inspirational saying; also, a platitude.

Rather than simply punishing them by making them go to their room, Freda's father was fond of dispensing homilies ad nauseum until all the siblings were browbeaten into agreeing to better behavior.

Homily ultimately derives from Greek homilia,
"instruction," from homolein, "to be together or in company with," hence "to have dealings with," from homilos, "an assembled crowd," from homos, "same." One who delivers homilies is a homilist. Homiletic means "of or pertaining to a homily."
vt.表明, 表示

To show in a clear manner; to manifest; to make evident; to bring to light.

Evince is from Latin evincere, "to conquer entirely, to prevail over, to prove irresistibly," from e- (here used intensively) + vincere, "to conquer."
adj.[逻]三段论法的, 演绎的, 演绎性的

1. Of or relating to syllogism (a form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion).

2. Subtle or specious.


1. Deductive reasoning.

2. A subtle or specious piece of reasoning.

Via Middle English, French, and Latin from Greek syllogizesthai (to syllogize). Ultimately from the Indo-European root leg- (to collect, speak) that is also the source of other words such as lexicon, lesson,
lecture, legible, legal, and select.
n. (古罗马的)酒神节
1. (plural, capitalized) The ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus, celebrated with dancing, song, and revelry. 2. A riotous, boisterous, or drunken festivity; a revel.

The bacchanalia which celebrated Neil's graduation was such to shake the pillars of heaven, or at least enough to be heard across the street, which is why the police were called.

Bacchanalia comes from Latin, from Bacchus, god of wine, from Greek Bakkhos. The adjective form is bacchanalian. One who celebrates the Bacchanalia, or indulges in drunken revels, is a bacchanal \\BAK-uh-nuhl; bak-uh-NAL\\, which is also another term for a drunken or riotous celebration.
adj.易见的, 显著的, 突出的, 跳跃的 n.凸角, 突出部分

1. Shooting out or up; projecting.
2. Forcing itself on the attention; prominent; conspicuous; noticeable.
3. Leaping; springing; jumping.
4. An outwardly projecting part of a fortification, trench system, or line of defense.
5. A projecting angle or part.

Salient derives from the present participle of Latin salire, to leap. Other words deriving from salire are sally, to leap forth or rush out suddenly; and perhaps salmon, the "leaping" fish.
adj.自行着火的, 自燃的,自燃燃料的
Igniting on contact.

From German Hypergol (hypergolic fuel), from Greek hyper- (over, above) +
erg- (work). Ultimately from the Indo-European root werg- (to do) which
gave us ergonomic, work, energy, metallurgy, surgery, wright, and orgy.

The term hypergolic refers to substances that ignite or explode on contact
(without needing an external aid such as a spark). Hypergolic substances
are used as rocket fuel and explosives.

From the moment they jumped in Lenny's Cadillac on the Sunshine Skyway fishing pier, there was instant hypergolic chemistry.