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23 Cards in this Set

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surrounding the lesion

Diphtheria: ABCDEFG
234. Adenopathy 235. â Prophage encodes the exotoxin 236. Corneybacteria is Club shaped 237. Diphtheria 238. Elongation Factor II 239. Granules (metachromatic)
IgA Protease Activity
229. H. Influenzae (needs factors V & X for growth) 230. Strep. Pneumoniae 231. N. meningitidis 232. N. gonnorhoae 233. W/ this activity these bugs are able to colonize the oral mucosa.
Bunyavirus
226. –ssRNA, enveloped 227. California Encephalitis – severe bifrontal headaches 228. Hantavirus – hemorrhagic fever w/ acute resp. distress syndrome
Flaviviris
223. Dengue Fever – icterus & hemorrhage w/ blac vomit 224. Yellow fever 225. St. Louis Encephalitis – no hepatitis or hemorrhage
Togavirus
220. +ssRNA, enveloped 221. 3 Day Measles: German Measles: Rubella/ Rubivirus 222. Encephalitis viruses: Alphaviruses: Eastern (more severe) and Western Equine Encephalitis
Paramyxovirus
215. –RNA, enveloped. Most common cause of respiratory infections in kids 216. Mumps 217. Croup(Parainfluenza virus) 218. Rubeola(Measles virus) 219. RSV
Orthomyxovirus
212. –ssRNA, enveloped virus. 213. Spike Glycoproteins (peplomeres): HA = Hemagluttinin & NA = Neuraminidase. These peplomeres are what give the virus antigenis variation 214. Influenza A & B
Ecthyma Gangrenosum, seen w/
113. Pseudomonas aeroginosa. Target shaped skin lesions w/ a black center and red ring
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria
88. Chlamydia Pistacci (Chlamydia do not make own ATP); Mycobacterium Leprae; all Rickettsia except Roachalimea (make suficient ATP to survive)
Urease (+)
82. All Proteus – can cause Staghorn/Struvite calculi (NH4- Mg2- stones): alkaline urine 83. Ureaplasma 84. Campylobacter pylori (Helicobacter) 85. Cryptococcus 86. Nocardia
Inclusion Bodies
69. Rabies – Negri bodies – intracytoplasmic 70. Pox virus – Guarnieri – intracytoplasmic & acidophilic 71. CMV – Owl’s eyes – intracytoplasmic & intranuclear 72. HSV – Cowdry bodies – intranuclear
Bacterial Morphology
63. Pneumococci – lancet shaped diplococci 64. Neisseria – kidney bean shaped diplococci 65. Camphylobacter – gulls’ wings/comas 66. Vibrio Cholera – coma shaped 67. Corneybacterium D – club shaped (nonmotile, G+Rod) 68. Yersinia – safety pin seen in Wayson’s stain
Pigment Producing Bacteria
56. Serratia – red (can cause pseudohemoptysis) 57. Pseudomonas A – piocyanin blue/green 58. Staph Aureus – yellow – Protein A 59. Mycobacteria – photo/scoto chromogenic – caritinoid – yellow/orange 60. Corneybacterium D – black/gray – pseudomembrane plaque in throat 61. Bacteroides (Porphyromonas) melaninogenicus – black (heme) 62. E. coli – irredescent green sheen
Acid Fast Organisms
55. Mycobacterium; Cryptosporidium; Nocardia (partially); Legionella micdadei; Isospora
IgA Proteases
42. Neisseria, Haemophilus, S. pneumoniae
Have â Prophage “OBED”
37. O = Salmonella 38. B = Botulinum 39. E = Erythrogenic strep 40. D = Diptheria
Dimorphic Fungi “Can Also Have Both Shapes”
31. Cocciodes 32. Aspergillus 33. Histolpasma 34. Blastomyces 35. Sprothrix schenkii
Have Capsules [ie… are Quellung Reaction (+)]
23. “Some killers have pretty nice capsules” 24.
Strep. Pneumoniae 25.
Klebsiella 26. HiB 27. Pseudamona Aeroginosa 28. Neisseria meningitis 29. Cryptococcus neoformans (only encapsulated fungal pathogen)
inc. cAMP “CAPE”
19. Cholera 20. Anthracis (Poly D glutamate capsule) 21. Pertusis (via Gi) 22. E.coli (LT enterotoxin)
May lack color
11. “These rascals may microscopically lack color”: 12. Treponema 13. Ricksetta 14. Mycobacterium 15. Mycoplasma 16. Legionella 17. Chlamydia
Non lactose formers
6. “SHYPS” 7. Shigella 8. Yersinia enterolytica (AKA Pestis) 9. Proteus 10. Salmonella
Lactose formers
1. “CEEK” 2. Citrobacter 3. Enterobacter 4. E.Coli (K1 capsule most important) 5. Klebsiella