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10 Cards in this Set

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Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon: Hydrocarbon that has one or more double or triple bonds - for example, ethylene, C2H4, and propylene, C3H6.
Carbohydrate: Energy-supplying organic compounds that are broken down into simple sugars in the body; contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Isomer: Compounds with the same chemical formulas but different structures and different chemical and physical properties.
Organic compound
Organic compound: A compound that contains carbon. Pure substance that contains two or more elements, and whose properties are different from those of the elements from which it is formed.
Saturated hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon: Hydrocarbon with only single bonds- for example;propane, C3H8,and butane, C4H10
Compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms-for example, methane, CH4, and ethane, C2H6
Amino acid
Amino acid: Building block proteins; contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group substituted on the same carbon atom.
Lipid: Energy-supplying and energy-storing organic compounds composed of three long-chain carboxylic acids bonded to glycerol; commonly called fats and oils can be saturated or unsaturated.

Protein: Polymer made of individual amino acids linked together in a chain; catalyzes many cell reactions and provides the structural material for many parts of the body.
Polymer: Large natural or synthetic molecule made of many small organic molecules that link together to form a long chain.