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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Masters and Johnson
- Human sexual response
- help people overcome sexual problems
- revealed 4 stages of sexual response cycle
1) Excitement
2) Plateau
3) Orgasm
4) Resolution
- Foundation for sex therapy
Ekman & Friesen
- constants acorss cultures in the face and emotion
- specific facial expressions corresponding to basic emotions are universal
- Exception: distinguishing fear from surprise
Holmes & Rahe
- Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)
- 43 life events
- measure the magnitude and size of stressful experiences
- relate persons score to the status of their health
- Life Change Units (LCU) - Stress is amount of change required to adapt to an event - doesn't have to be a 'bad' event
Festinger & Carlsmith
- Cognitive consequences of forced compliance
- cognitive dissonance proposed by Festinger - experience when you hold 2 or more cognitions that are inconsistent
- the more you view your inconsistent behavior to be your own choosing, the greater the disonance will be
- $1 - reported liking the task more - less justification - less dissonance
- $2- = More dissonance - more justification
Rotter
- Generalized expectancies for internal vs external control
- I-E Scale - Internal-External locus of control measure
Bem
- measuring Adnrogyny
- More psychologically healthy if you have both feminine and masculine characteritics
- Coined - Androgynous - have both feminine & masculine traits
- Bem Sex Role Inventory - BSRI
Friedman & Rosenman
- Type A & Type B Personality
- Type A -
1. Intense drive to achieve goals
2. Competitiveness
3. Desire for recognition
4. Multiple activities
5. Rushing to complete activities
6. Mental & physical altertness
- Type B is opposite
- Type A associated with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
Triandis, Bontempo, et al.
- Individualism vs. Collectivism
- These cultural descriptions fall at 2 ends of a continuum
Rosenhan
- On Being Sane in Insane Places
- behavior seen on continuum, Normal (effective functioning), Abnormal(mentally ill)
- 6 criteria to judge abnormal behavior
- Can Mental Health Professionals Distinguish Between Mentally Ill and Mentally Healthy
- Admitted "normal" people into hospitals, most all were diagnosed with Schizophrenia
- Ramifications of labels
Anna Freud
- Ego and Mechanisms of Defense
- Defense Mechanisms - weapons that your ego uses to protect you from your own self-created anxiety
1) Repression - most basic & commonly used
2) Regression
3) Projection
4) Reaction Formation
5) Sublimation
Seligman & Maier
- Failure to escape traumatic shock
- Learning to be depressed
- Dogs in 3 Groups
1. escape
2. control
3. no escape
- Learned they have no control over whether or not they receive shock--> Learned Helplessness
Calhoun
- Population density and social pathology
- crowding
- behavioral sink
Pathological Behaviors displayed in crowding situations
1. Aggression
2. Submissiveness
3. Sexual Deviance
4. Reproductive abnormalities
Smith and Glass
Meta analysis of psychotherapy study outcomes
- all types of therapy were equally effective
- 2 Super Classes of Therapy
1) Behavioral
2) Nonbehavioral
- patients expectations are most important in whether or not therapy is successful
Wolpe
- Neuroses - now called anxiety d/o
- Phobias: 3
1. Simple
2. Social
3. Agoraphobia
- Systematic desensitization
- steps:
1. Relaxation training
2. Anxiety hierarchy
3. Imagine
Rorschach
- Ink blots
- form interpretation
- psychoanalytic theories
Murray
- Thematic Aperception Test (TAT)
LaPiere
- Symbolic attitudes do not predict behavior
Asch
- social norms
- How powerful is the need to conform
- Line test--75% conformed to wrong answer at least once
Darley & Latane
- Bystander Effect
- Diffusion of responsibility