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57 Cards in this Set

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Who is the author of The Canterbury Tales?
Geoffrey Chaucer
Where and when was Chaucer born?
London in the early 1340's
How did Chaucer's father become wealthy?
When he inherited money from relatives who died in the Black Death of 1349
Where did Chaucer's father send him?
To be a page to the Countess of Ulster
Who did Chaucer serve after the Countess of Ulster?
Prince Lionel, son the King Edward III
What war did Chaucer serve in and who was the war between?
The Hundred Years War and Between France and England
What languagers was Chaucer fluent in and what did this do for him?
French, Italian and was conversant in Latin. He became a diplomat.
What language did Chaucer use for his poetry? Why?
He wanted to the use the English vernacular instead of using the courts or churched language of French and Latin.
What did the king appoint Chaucer? When? What did this mean?
The Custom of Hides. 1374. He was a government official that dealt with cloth importers.
How long did Chaucer hold the position of The Custom of Hides? Where did he go and what major city was there?
12 years. From London to Kent. Canterbury.
What was Chaucer serving as in Kent while he was living in debt? What was he appointed after this?
A Justice. Clerk of the Works
What kind of time was it when Chaucer lived?
Incredible Tension
How much of the population did the Black Death wipe out?
30-50%
What made the nobles resent the labor force?
Increased leverage and bargain and bargained for better wages because there weren't as many workers
When did the peasants revolt against the nobles? Who helped them?
1381. The Artisans.
Who was England run by after the Hundred Years war?
Merchants who wanted luxury
Who was the Archbishop of Canterbury? When?
Thomas Beckett or Saint Thomas of Canterbury. 1162-1170
How did Beckett die?
He was assassinated by followers of King Henry the II after he had a conflict with him.
What did Henry do to make himself look innocent of Becketts death? When?
A public penance at Becketts tomb and at Saint Dunstan's in England. July 12 1174
What is a satire?
When vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvements.
What is satire usually meant to be? What is its greater purpose?
Funny. Constructive social criticism or using wit as a weapon.
What is a common factor of a satire?
Strong irony or sarcasm
What does the irony or sarcasm usually approve in a satire?
The very thing the satirist is trying to attack
Who is considered the Father of English Literature? Why?
Geoffrey Chaucer. 1st to write in English and focused on realistic depictions of English people and society
What does Chaucer usually have within his characters? What are some kinds of this?
Contradictions. Physical, Emotional, or Economical.
Who is the most positively admired characters in The Canterbury tales?
The Knight
What does the Knight's Son represent?
Making fun of all the "lovesick" teenagers
Who are to religious negatively described characters?
The Nun and the Monk
What does the Nun represent?
Women who join nunnery because they are afraid of becoming old maids.
What is the Monk's contradiction?
He feels he should indulge himself in all the luxuries life has to offer unlike all the other monks.
What does Chaucer criticize religious figures for being?
Hypocrites and crooks.
Why is the Friar such a despicable character?
He travels from town to town collecting all of peoples money for penance and only forgiving sins for the who would pay the "right" price.
What is the Merchants contradiction?
He is like a banker and gives financial advice all the time, but he is living in terrible debt.
What does the Oxford-Cleric represent?
A growing number of indiciduals who have become disgusted with the Catholic church and religion in general.
What is the Oxford-Cleric obsessed with? How does he get the money to buy books? Why does he think thats okay?
Philosophy and Astronomy books. Steals it from his friends. He is using it for a better purpose than they would.
Although Chaucer doesn't think very highly of some religious figures, what does he still believe in?
Catholicism
What is the Sergeant at Law's contradiction?
He seems knowledgeable but he only memorizing things having no idea what they actually mean.
Who does Franklin look and act like?
Santa Claus (merry, jolly, sweet, and willing to share with all who need it)
Describe the skilled working class. What do their wives believe?
Hard working to earn their money. They should be treated as upper class.
What is the cook's contradiction? Famous dish?
He is a cook but he has a sore on his knee which comes in contact with his food. Soup.
What is the doctors contradiction? What does he do?
He is a very good doctor but he cares more about money than patients. He prescribes medicines that treat your problem but cause another.
What is the wife of baths contradiction?
Although she has many lovers and has been married 5 times she is a large deaf woman who is very manly.
What is the Wife of Bath described as? What does that mean? Why is she described as this?
"Gap-toothed". People who have a amorous nature and a passion for wandering. She goes on many pilgrimages and doesn't know where she belongs or who she is.
Who are the Parson and the Plowman? What class are they in?
Brothers. Peasant class.
What does the Parson do?
A small town preacher with a very small following
What does the Plowman do?
A poor farmer who gives everything he has to help other people
How does Chaucer show the example set forth by Jesus? What does this say about positions?
Through the Parson and the Plowman. The high positions in church are corrupted by their own flaws.
How does Chaucer describe the Parson in relation to Jesus?
With many "Shepherd/Sheep" terms
What did Chaucer believe about poor and humbler humans?
They were closer to God.
Who was the Miller?
A large man and dumb He tried to fight people to intimidate them and didn't have any manners.
What was the summoner's job? What did he do to make more money? Physical Contradiction?
Summoning people to jail or church for crimes. He would "lose" their paper for the right price. His face resembled an angel, but only because of the puss filled acne under the skin.
What is the Pardoners contradiction?
He preaches about greed and how bad it is but he finds garbage and sells it as religious heirlooms.
What is the Pardoners hair like?
Rat tails hanging down that appear very unclean.
Who is the Host? What does he come up with?
A very welcoming man. The idea that people should tell two stories on the way to Canterbury and the way back.
What does the narrator do at the end of the Prologue?
Asks for forgiveness before he continues about his account.
What excuse does he use for not always follow the rules of social standing?
He is "short of wit".
What does the narrators comment about "short of wit" tell you about his honesty?
It may make him seem more honest but if he can't trust himself why should you trust him.