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18 Cards in this Set

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What muscle has the Origin of the Cervical and thoracic vertebrae and the scapula spine? and what's its action?
Trapezius, extrinsic muscle - Rotates the scapula causing limb to move forward and raises the limb.
What muscle has the origin of the temporal bone of the skull and the cervical vertebrae and the insertion of the scapula spine? what's its action?
Brachiocephalicus , extrinsic muscle, prime protractor of the forelimb.
whats the muscle ? Origin = Above the scapula spine, Insertion : Greater tuberosity of the humerus. whats the action?
Supraspinatus, Extrinsic muscle, Extensor of the shoulder joints.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Below the scapula spine Insertion = Greater tuberosity of the humerus. What's the action?
Infraspinatus ,Intrinsic muscle ,
Weak flexor of the shoulder (mainly used as supportive)
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Scapula and Humerus
Insertion = Olecranon process of the ulna, what's the action?
Triceps brachii, Intrinsic , Extensor of the elbow joint.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Scapula
Insertion = Ulna, what's the action?
Biceps Brachii, Intrinsic, Flexor of the elbow.
Whats the muscle?
Origin =Musculo-spiral groove of the humerus
Insertion =Ulnar tuberosity of the ulna, what's the action?
Brachialis, Intrinsic, secondary elbow flexor.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Spinous process of T6/7-L7 and last 3 ribs.
Insertion = Medial aspect of the humerus, what's the action?
Latissimus dorsi, extrinsic, Retractor of the forelimb. ( used to drive the animal foreward when weight bearing)
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Ribs and Sternum
Insertion = Humerus. what's the action?
Pectorals, Extrinsic, Adduct the forelimbs and hold them against the body.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = 4 heads on the pelvis and femur
Insertion =Tibial tuberosity via the patella. what's the action?
Quadriceps femoris, Intrinsic. Stifle extensor.
Whats the muscle?
Origin =Sacro-sciatic ligament in the pelvis
Insertion =
1.Distal end of the femur
2.Tibial crest
3. Os calcis (part of the achilles tendon), what's the action?
Biceps femoris, Intrinsic,
1.Hip extensor
2. Stifle flexor (weak)
3. Hock extensor
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Pelvis
Insertion =
1. Tibial crest.
2. Os calcis, what's the action?
Semitendinosus, Intrinsic,
1. stifle flexor
2. hock extensor.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Pelvis
Insertion =
1. Medial side of the femur
2. Medial condyle of the tibia. what's the action?
Semitendinosus. Intrinsic, Hip extensor
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Pelvis
Insertion = Medial femur, proximally, what's the action?
Pectineus, Intrinsic, Adductor of the forelimb.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Distal femur - 2 heads each with a sesamoid bone or fabella
Insertion = Os calcis, what's the action?
Gastrocnemius, Intrinsic,
1. Stifle flexor
2. hock extensor.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Tibial crest
Insertion = Metatasal 2, what's the action?
Cranial Tibial, Intrinsic, Hock flexor.
Whats the muscle?
Origin = Pelvis
Insertion = Greater trochanter of femur, what's the action?
Superficial, middle and deep gluteals, Intrinsic,
1.extend the hip
2. Abduct the thigh
What 3 muscles make up the hamstring muscles?
Biceps femoris , Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus.