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38 Cards in this Set

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six reasons for confederation
1. political deadlock= Great Coalition in the United Province Of Canada
2. Railway linking colonies needed to increase trade and move troups
3. Cancellation of Resiprocity Treaty in 1865 ended limited free trade between US & British North America
4. Great threat of US expansion into BNA
5. GB wanted colonies to be more self sufficient
6. Expansion to Ruepert's Land and NWT
1. Deadlock
2. Railway
3. Resiprocity Treaty CANX by US
4. US Expansion
5. GB self sufficient
6 Ruperts Land & NWT
Charlotte Town Conference
Reason For:
Maratime Colonies NB, NS, PEI , met to discuss uniting under central government (Maratime Union) Sept 1864.
Charlotte Town Conference
Results
1. they decided to discuss a larger union a confederation of the BNA colonies
Quebec Confrence:
Reason For
Delegates from United Province of Canada & ALL Maratime Colonies including NL met to discuss a federal union of all BNA colonies. Oct 1864
Quebec Confrence:
Results Province of Canada
Overwhelming Majority
Quebec Confrence:
Results New Brunswick
Initially Rejected confederation
(Tilley's government was defeated.)
- 1866 attack by Fenians and loss of trade with US changed peoples minds
- Tilley's government was re-elected and confederation was excepted
Quebec Confrence:
Results Nova Scotia
- Tupper encouraged confederation (needed a railway built)
- house opposed confederation due to NS size and concern about increased taxes and closer ties with GB
- with British L Gov Help Tupper able to win support for confederation
Quebec Confrence:
Results PEI
- Opposed to confederation
- feared they would have very little power
- no mention in 72 resolutions of buying out Absentee Landlords
- saw no advantage to tarrif - free trade
Quebec Confrence:
Results New Foundland
- Rejected confederation
- Very Close to GB
- Felt they had very little in common with the other colonies
Seventy Two Resolutions
7 Main Ideas
1. Strong central or federal governement - would handle common affairs eg economic development & defence
2. Central government would legislate or make laws to keep peace, order and good government
3. Provinces would handle local affairs, & social & cultural issues
4. United Province of Canada would be split into Ontario & Quebec
5. A federal Parliment would be made up of 2 law making houses Lower House - House of Commons. Upper House - Senate
6. Members of House of Commons would be elected according to represenation of population. Members of the Senate would be appointed by the govener general. Quebec, Ontario and Atlantic Canada (NS, NB, PEI) would each be concidered a region and have 24 members.
London Confrence:
Reason For
Delegates from UPC NS, & NB presented the 72 resolutions to British Officials. IN 1866
London Confrencne:
Results.
Feb 12 1867 bill with modified 72 resolutions = British North American Act inbtroduced in the British parliment - passed quickly

May 22 1867 Queen Victoria proclaimed Canada would be created.

July 1, 1867 the Domain of Canada was born. "Canada Day"
Political Leaders - Canada West
John A McDonald -Pro- 1st prime minister
George Brown -Pro-
Political Leaders - Canada East
George Etienne Cartier -Pro-
Thomas D'Arcy McGee -Pro-
Antoine-Amie Dorion - Anti-
Political Leaders - NS
Dr Charles Tupper - Pro-
Jospeph Howe - Anti-
Political Leaders - NB
Sir Samuel Leondard Tilley -Pro-
AJ Smith -Anti-
Political Leaders - PEI
John Hamilton Grey -Pro-
When Ontario, Quebeck, NS, & NB joined.
1867
When Manitoba Joined
1870
When BC joined
1871
When PEI joined
1873
When Alberta & Saskatchewan joined
1905
When NFL joined
1949
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