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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Wilmot Proviso
Proposal to outlaw slavery in the territory added to the United States by the Mexican session; passed in the House, but defeated in teh Senate.
A devotion to the interests of one geographic region rather than the whole country.
Popular Sovereignty
Principle that would allow voters in a particular territory to decide whether to ban or permit slavery.
Free-Soil Party
Political party formed in 1848 by antislavery northerners who left the Whig and Democratic Parties because neither addressed the slavery issue.
Compromise of 1850
Agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and divided the rest of the Mexican Cession into two territories where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty; settled land claims between Texas and New Mexico, aboloshed slave trade in Washington, and strengthened the Fugitive Slave Act.
Fufitive Slave Act
Law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that showed northerners the violent reality of slavery and drew many people to the abolitionists' cause.
Anthony Burns
Fugitive slave from Virginia, arrested and jailed in Boston; group of abolitionists tried to rescue him by force. He was eventually returned to slavery in Virginia.
Henry Clay
Came up with a five part compromise plan that later developed in to the Compromise of 1850.
Daniel Webster
Senator who supported Henry Clay's compromise plan.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery.
Pottawatomie Massacre
Incident in which abolitionist John Brown and seven other men murdered pro-slavery Kansans.
Franklin Pierce
nominated for the presidency by the Democratic party in 1852.
Charles Sumner
Delivered a speech entitled, "The Crime Against Kansas" in which he criticized the actions of the proslavery people in that territory.
Stephen Douglas
Introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Charles Sumner
Delivered a speech entitled, "The Crime Against Kansas" in which he criticized the actions of the proslavery people in that territory.
Preston Brooks
Beat Charles Sumner unconcious with a walking stick; nicknamed "Bully Brooks" by some. Punishment was a $300 fine.
Preston Brooks
Beat Charles Sumner unconcious with a walking stick; nicknamed "Bully Brooks" by some. Punishment was a $300 fine.
Republican Party
Political party formed in the 1850s to stop the spread of slavery in the West.
James Buchanan
Elected president in 1856.
John C. Fremont
Republican presidential candidate in 1856; defeated by James Buchanan.
Dred Scott
Slave of Dr. John Emerson,taken with Dr. Emerson on tours of duty in Illinois and northern part of Louisiana Purchase. Became slave of Emerson's wife when Emerson died. Scott sued for his freedom saying he had become free when living in free territory.
Dred Scott Decision
U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared African Americans were not U.S. citizens, that the Missouri Compromise's restriction on slavery was unconstitutional, and that Congress did not have the right to ban slavery in any federal territory.
Roger B. Taney
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during the Dred Scott Decision; wrote the majority opinion. From a slaveholding family in Maryland.
Lincoln-Douglas debates
series of seen debates between Republican Abraham Lincoln and Democrat Stephen Douglas during the 1858 U.S. Senate campaign in Illinois.
Freeport Doctrine
Statement made by Stephen Douglas during the Lincoln-Douglas debates by pointing out how people could use popular sovereignty to determine if their state or territory should permit slavery.
John Brown's raid
Incident in which abolitionist John Brown and 21 other men captured a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hopes of starting a slave rebellion.
John C. Breckinridge
elected vice president in 1856, nominated for president by southern Democrats in 1860; supported the spread of slavery, and did not believe a Republican victory would justify dissolving the Union.
Constitutional Union Party
Political party formed in 1860 by a group of northerners and southerners who supported the Union, its laws, and the Constitution.
John Bell
Presidential candidate for the Constitutional Union Party in 1860. He was a slaveholder, but opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The act of formally withdrawing from from the Union.
John J. Crittenden
Proposed a series of Constitutional amendments to satisfy the South know as the "Crittenden Compromise." One to extend the 36 30'line to the Pacific coast, allowing slavery in all territories south of this line. Another would use federal funds to reimburse slaveholders who were prevented from recovering their fugitive slaves in the North.
Confederate States of America
Nation formed by the southern states on February 4, 1861; also known as the Confederacy.
Jefferson Davis
Elected president of the Confederacy; graduate of West Point and a veteran of the Mexican War; Secretary of War under President Pierce and a member of the Senate until Mississippi left the Union.