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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
most numberous cell of human blood
erythrocytes
at maturity, mammals lack ___ and ___ in their red blood cells
nuclei and mitochondria
nucleus disintegrates in RBCs and causes ___
bioconcavity
less than normal levels of RBCs or hemoglobin results in
anemia
condition where cells and tissues are deprived of adequate amounts of oxygen
anemia
the shape of an RBC gives the cell a large amount of ____ relative to its volume
surface area
the shape of an RBC allows for more ___
gas exchange
most carbon dioxide is carried by RBCs as
carbonic acid
the life span of an RBC is
a few weeks
are capable of amoeboid movement
leukocytes
sqeezing between capillary walls and wandering in tissues
amoeboid movement
white blood cells are divided into __ groups which include
WBCs, granulocytes, agranulocytes
Granulocytes include these types of cells:
Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
Agranulocytes include these types of cells
Monocytes, Lymphocytes
Most common of all leukocytes
neutrophils
nucleus of this type of cell is 3-5 lobes and dark purple in coloration
neutrophil
Cytoplasm of this type of cell is faintly granular and light purple in color
neutrophil
these type of cells are particularly active in pagocytosis
neutrophils
engulfing of foreign matter
phagocytosis
these type of cells make up 2-5% of all leukocytes
eosinophils
nucleus of this type of WBC is bilobed and dark purple
eosinophil
cytoplasm of this type of WBC stains red
eosinophil
this type of WBC fights parasitic worm infections, pagocytosis, and allergic reactions
eosinophil
rarest of all WBCs
basophils
nucleus of this type of WBC has "s" shape and stains dark purple
basophil
cytoplasm granules of this type of WBC stain dark purple making distinction b/w nucleus and cytoplasm difficult
basophil
These type of cells participate in allergic reactions by relasing histamines that are contained in the granules
basophil
largest of all leukocytes
monocytes
3-5% of all leukocytes
Monocytes
nucleus of this type of WBC is horseshoe or crescent shaped and dark purple
monocyte
this type of WBC transforms into wandering macrophages
monocyte
smallest of all leukocytes
lymphocytes
20-25% of leukocytes
lymphocytes
this type of WBC has a dark purple, usually spherical nucleus surrounded by thin region of light purple staining cytoplasm
lymphocytes
this type of WBC plays a role in the immunological "memory" response
lymphocyte
these type of cells are often called thrombocytes
platelets
not actually cells, but cell fragments
platelet
help protect body from excessive blood loss by forming a clot
platelet
these "cells" stain yellow
platelets