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334 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Actinic Keratosis
Often preceds squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
Primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls
Albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain-Barre (increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Alport's syndrome
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Anti-basement membrane antibodies
Goodpasture's syndrome
Anticentromere Antibodies
Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-ds DNA antibodies (ANA)
SLE (Type III hypersensitivity)
Ant-epithelial cell antibodies
Pemphigous vulgaris
Antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies
Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies
Primary Biliary Sclerosis
Antineutrophil antibodies
Vasculitis
Antiplatelet antibodies
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic purpura
Arachnodactyly
Marfan's Syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupil
Neurosyphilis
Arnold-Chiari Malformation
Cerebellar Tonsillar Herniation
Aschoff bodies
Rheumatic fever
Atrophy of the mamillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer Rods
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (especially M3,promyelocytic)
Autosplenectomy
Sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
Rheumatoid arthritis
"Bamboo spine" on x-ray
Ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
Hyperreninemia
Basophilic stippling of RBC's
Lead poisoning
Becker's Muscular Dystrophy
Defective Dystrophin; less severe than Duchenne's
Bell's Palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine)Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (IgM)
Berger's Disease
IgA Nephropathy
Bernard-Soulier disease
Defect in platelet adhesion
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Sarcoidosis
Birbeck granules on EM
Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bloody tap on LP
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Blue-bloater
Chronic Bronchitis
Blue-domed cysts
Fibrocystic change of the breast
Blue sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot-shaped heart on XR
Tetralogy of Fallot / RVH
Bouchard's nodes
Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling 2nd to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformtiy
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
Brown Tumor of bone
Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts
1. Hyperparathyroidism
2. Osteitis fibrosa cystica (Von Recklinghausen's disease)
Brushfield's spots
Down syndrome
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Posthepatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
small/medium artery vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocations associated with EBV
Burton's lines
Lead poisoning
C-ANCA, P-ANCA
Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa
Cafe'-au-lait spots on skin
Neurofibromatosis
Caisson disease
Gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chaga's Disease
Cerebriform nuclei
Mycosis Fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chaga's disease
trypanosome infection
Chancre
Primary syphilis (not painful)
Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech), cholangitis (jaundice, RUQ pain, fever)
Charcot-Leyden crystals
Bronchial Asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Chediak-Higashi disease
Phagocyte deficiency
Cherry-red spot on macula
Tay-Sachs, Niemann-pick disease, central artery occlusion
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
Central apnea in CHF and increased ICP
Chocolate cysts
Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Chronic atrophic gastritis
Predisposition to gastric carcinoma
Chvostek's sign
Hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
Clear cell adenocarcinomaof the vagina
DES exposure in utero
Clue cells
Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on XR
Osteosarcoma
Cold Agglutinins
Mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis
Cold intolerance
Hypothyroidism
Condylomata lata
Secondary syphilis
Continuous machinery murmur
Patent ductus arteriosus
Cori's disease
Debranching enzyme deficiency
Cotton wool spots
Chronic Hypertension
Cough, conjunctivitis, coryza + fever
Measles
Councilman bodies
Toxic or viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
Herpes virus
Crescent's in Bowman's capsule
Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Crigler-Najar syndrome
Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
Currant-jelly sputum
Klebsiella
Curschmann's spirals
Bronchial Asthma (whorled mucous plugs)
Cushing's ulcers
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
D-Dimers
DIC
Depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder - rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Pellagra (Niacin, vitamin B3 deficiency)
diabetes insipidus + exopthalmos + lesions of skull
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Dog or cat bite
Pasteurella multocida
Donovan bodies
Granuloma inguinale
Dressler's syndrome
Post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
Dubin-Johnson synrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (Black liver)
Duchenne's Muscular dystrophy
Deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
Eburnation
Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Edward's syndrome
Trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low set ears and heart disease
Eisenmenger's syndrome
Late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L->R shunt becomes R->L shunt)
Elastic skin
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Erb-Duchenne palsy
Superior trun brachial plexus injury (waiter's tip)
Erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme disease
Fanconi' syndrome
Proximal tubular reabsorption defect
"Fat,female,forty and fertile)
Acute cholecystitis
Fatty liver
Alcoholism
Ferruginous bodies
Asbetosis
Gardner's syndrome
Colon polyps, with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
Glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Ghon focus
Primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
Benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
Defect in platelet aggregation
Goodpasture's syndrome
Autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane proteins
Gower's Manuever
Duchenne's (use of patient arms to help pick legs up off the floor)
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Idiopathic polyneuritis
"Hair on end" appearance on XR
B-thallasemia, sickle cell anemia (extramedullary hematopoeisis)
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Chronic progressive histiocytosis
HbF
Thallasemia major
HbS
Sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
Choriocarcinomas, hydatidiform mole (occurs with and without embryo)
Heberden's nodes
Osteoarthritis (DIP swelling 2nd to osteophytes)
Heinz bodies
G6pd deficiency
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URI's
Heterophil antibodies
Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
High-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
HLA-B27
Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis
HLA-DR3 or DR4
DM type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction of B cells)
Homer Wright rosettes
Neuroblastoma
Honeycomb lung on XR
Interstitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
Ptosis, miosis,and anhidrosis
Howell-Jolly bodies
Splenectomy (or nonfunctional spleen)
huntington's disease
Caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
Hyperphagia + Hypersexuality + Hyperorality, + Hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
Hyperpigmentation of skin
Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease)
Hypersegmented neutrophils
Macrocytic anemia
Hypertension + Hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome
Hypochromic microcytosis
Iron-deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
Increased a-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid / maternal serum
Anencephaly, spina bifida (neuraltube defects)
Increased Uric acid levels
Gout, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome,myeloproliferative disorders, loop and thiazide diuretics
Intussception
Adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer's patches)
Janeway lesions
Endocarditis
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
Syphilis - overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis
Job's syndrome
Neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality
Kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS in MSM
Kartagener's syndrome
Dynein defect
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
Keratin pearls
Squamous cell carcinoma
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules
Diabetic nephropathy
Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Bilateral amygdala lesions
Koiliocytes
HPV
Koplik spots
Measles
Krukenberg tumor
Gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
Kussmaul hypernea
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Lens dislocation + aortic dissection + joint hypermobility
Marfan's syndrome (fibrillin deficit)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency
Lewy Bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman-Sacks disease
Endocarditis associated with SLE
Lines of Zahn
Arterial thrombus
Lisch nodules
Neurofibromatosis (Von Recklinghausen's disease)
Low serum ceruloplasmin
Wilson's disease
Lucid interval
Epidural hematoma
Lumpy-bumpy appearance of glomeruli on immunofluorescence
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Lytic bone lesions on XR
Multiple myeloma
Mallory bodies
Alcoholic liver disease
Mallory-Weiss syndrome
Esophagogastric lacerations
McArdle's disease
Muscle phosphorylase deficiency
McBurney's sign
Appendicitis
MLF syndrome (INO)
multiple sclerosis
Monoclonal antibody spike
Multiple myeloma, (called the M protein; usually IgG, orIgA), MGUS, Waldenstrom's (M protein = IgM) macroglobulinemia
Myxedema
Hypothyroidism
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's (Hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
Needle-shaped, negatively birefringent crystals
Gout
Negri bodies
rabies
Nephritis + Cataracts + hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
Neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer's disease
Niemann-Pick disease
Sphingomyelinase deficiency
No lactation postpartum
Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction)
Nutmeg liver
CHF
Occupational exposure to Asbestos
Malignant mesothelioma
"Orphan Annie" nuclei
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Osler's nodes
Endocarditis
Owl's eye
CMV
Painless jaundice
Pancreatic cancer (head)
Palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Pancoast's tumor
Bronchogenic apical tumor associated with Horner's syndrome
Pannus
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Parkinson's disease
Nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
Periosteal elevation on XR
Pyogenic osteomyelitis
Puetz-Jeghers syndrome
Benign polyposis
Peyronie's Disease
Penile fibrosis
Philadelphia Chromosome (bcr-abl)
CML
Pick bodies
Pick's disease
" Pink Puffer"
Emphysema (centroacinar[smoking], panacinar [alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency]
Plummer-vinson syndrome
Esophageal webs with iron deficency
Podagra
Gout
Podocyte fusion
Minimal change disease
Polyneuropathy, cardiac pathology, and edema
Dry beriberi (Thiamine, B1 deficiency)
Polyneuropathy preceded by GI or Respiratory infection
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Pompe's disease
Lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
Port-wine stain
Hemangioma
Positive anterior drawer sign
ACL injury
Pott's disease
Vertebral Tuberculosis
Pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Pseudorosettes
Ewing's sarcoma
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Horner's syndrome
Rash on palms and soles
2nd syphilis, Rocky Mtn. Spotted fever
Raynaud's Syndrome
Recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts in urine
Acute glomerulonephritis
Recurrent pulmonary Psuedomonas and S. Aureus infections
Cystic fibrosis
Red urine in the morning
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Stenberg cells
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Reid index (increased)
Chronic Bronchitis
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Reiter's Syndrome
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis
Renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas + adenomas
von-hippel-lindau disease
Renal epithelial casts in urine
Acute toxic/viral nephrosis
Rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
Pseudogout
Rib Notching
Coarctation of the Aorta
Roth's spots in retina
Endocarditis
Rotor's syndrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formation (RBC's)
Multiple myeloma
Russell Bodies
Multiple myeloma
S3
L -> R shunt (VSD, ASD, PDA) mitral regurgitation, LV failure (CHF)
S4
Aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller-Duval bodies
Yolk-sac tumor
Senile plaques
Alzheimer's disease
Sezary Syndrome
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
Postpartum pituitary necrosis
Shwartzman Reaction
Neisseria Meningitis
Signet-ring cells
Gastric Carcinoma
Simian Crease
Down Syndrome
Sipple's syndrome
MEN type IIa
Sjogren's syndrome
Dry eyes, Dry mouth, arthritis
Skip lesions
Crohn's
Slapped cheeks
Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Smith antigen
SLE
Smudge cell
CLL
Soap bubble on XR
Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike and dome on EM
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Spitz nevus
Benign juvenile melanoma
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Endocarditis
Starry-sky pattern
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Strawberry tongue
Scarlet fever
Streaky ovaries
Turner's syndrome
String sign on XR
Crohn's disease
Subepithelial humps on EM
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Suboccipital lymphadenopathy
Rubella
Sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
Swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
Scurvy
Systolic ejection murmur
Aortic valve stenosis
t(8:14)
Burkitt's Lymphoma (c-myc activation)
t(9:22)
Philadelphia chromosome;CML bcr-abl hybrid
t(14:18)
Follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)
Tabes Dorsalis
Tertiary syphilis
Tendon xanthomas
Familial hypercholesterolemia
Thumb sign on XR
Epiglottitis (haemophilus influenza)
Thyroidization of kidney
Chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
Tophi
Gout
"Tram-track" appearance on LM
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau's sign
Visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Virchow's node
Left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Virchow's triad
Pulmonary embolism (triad=blood stasis, endothelial damage, hypercoagulation)
Von Recklinghausen's disease
Neurofibromatosis with cafe-au-lait spots
Von Recklinghausen's disease of bone
Osteitis fibrosis cystica (brown tumor)
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA Thrombosis
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
Waxy casts
Chronic end-stage renal disease
WBC casts in urine
Acute pyelonephritis
WBC's in urine
Acute cystitis
Werner's syndrome
MEN type I
Whipple's disease
Malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
Hepatolenticular degeneration
"wire-loop" appearance on EM
Lupus nephropathy
"Worst headache of my life"
Berry anuerysm-associated with adult polycystic kidney disease
Xanthochromia (CSF)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Xerostomia + arthritis + keratoconjuntivitis sicca
Sjogren's syndrome
Zenker's diverticulum
Upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Gastrin-secreting tumor associated with ulcers
MOST COMMON Bactremia/pneumonia
S. Aureus
MOST COMMON
bacteria associated with cancer
H. Pylori
MOST COMMON
Bacteria found in GI tract
Bacteroides (2nd most common is E. coli)
MOST COMMON
Brain tumor (adults)
Mets > astrocytoma (including GM)> meningioma > shwannoma
MOST COMMON
Brain tumor (kids)
Medullablastoma (cerebellum)
MOST COMMON
Brain tumor - supratentorial (kids)
Craniopharyngioma
MOST COMMON
Breast cancer
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma
MOST COMMON
Breast mass
Fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women, carinoma is the most common)
MOST COMMON
Breast tumor (benign)
Fibroadenoma
MOST COMMON
bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient
Klebsiella
MOST COMMON
Cardiac primary tumor (adults)
Myxoma 4:1 Left to right atrium
MOST COMMON
Cardiac primary tumor (kids)
Rhabdomyoma
MOST COMMON
Cardiac tumor (adults)
Mets
MOST COMMON
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
MOST COMMON
Chromosomal disorder
Down syndrome (associated with ALL, Alzheimer's, dementia, and endocardial cushion defects
MOST COMMON
Chronic arrhythmia
Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
MOST COMMON
Congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD
MOST COMMON
Constrictive pericarditis
Tuberculosis
MOST COMMON
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis
LAD > RCA > LCA
MOST COMMON
Cyanosis (early; less common)
Tetralogy of Fallot, Transposition of Great Vessels, truncus arteriosus
MOST COMMON
Cyanosis (late;more common)
VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin, open with misopristol)
MOST COMMON
Demyelinating disease
Multiple sclerosis
MOST COMMON
Dietary deficit
Iron
MOST COMMON
epiglottitis
Haemophilus influenza type B
MOST COMMON
esophageal cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
MOST COMMON
gene involved in cancer
p53 tumor suppressor gene
MOST COMMON
group affected by cystic fibrosis
Caucasions
MOST COMMON
Gynecologic malignancy
endometrial carcinoma
MOST COMMON
heart murmur
Mitral valve prolapse
MOST COMMON
heart valve in bacterial endocarditis
mitral
MOST COMMON
heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA
Tricuspid
MOST COMMON
Heart valve (Rheumatic fever)
Mitral (Aortic is 2nd)
MOST COMMON
helminth infection (US)
Enterobius vermicularis (Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd most common)
MOST COMMON
Hereditary bleeding disorder
Von Willebrand's
MOST COMMON
Kidney stones
Calcium = radioopaque (2nd most common is ammonium = radiopaque; formed by urease positive organisms such as proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus
MOST COMMON
Liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease
MOST COMMON
location of brain tumors (adult)
Supratentorial
MOST COMMON
location of brain tumors (kids)
Infratentorial
MOST COMMON
Lysosomal storage disease
Gaucher's disease
MOST COMMON
male cancer
Prostatic carcinoma
MOST COMMON
Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever
Hodgkin's disease
MOST COMMON
Malignant skin tumor
Basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
MOST COMMON
Mets to bone
Breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
MOST COMMON
Mets to brain
Lung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell carcinoma), GI
MOST COMMON
Mets to liver
Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast and lung carcinomas
MOST COMMON
Motor neuron disease
ALS
MOST COMMON
Neoplasm (kids)
ALL (2nd most common is cerebellar medulloblastoma)
MOST COMMON
Nephrotic syndrome
Membranousglomerulonephritis
MOST COMMON
Obstruction of male urinary tract
BPH
MOST COMMON
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
Pneumocystitis carinii pneumonia
MOST COMMON
Organ recieving mets
Adrenals (due to rich blood supply)
MOST COMMON
Organ sending mets
Lung > breast, stomach
MOST COMMON
Ovarian tumor (benign)
serous cystadenoma
MOST COMMON
Ovarian tumor (malignant)
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
MOST COMMON
Pancreatic tumor
Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
MOST COMMON
Patient with hodgkin's
Young male (except nodular sclerosis type-female)
MOST COMMON
Patient with minimal change disease
Young child
MOST COMMON
Patient with Reiter's
Male
MOST COMMON
Pituitary tumor
Prolactinoma