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36 Cards in this Set

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EPA
Government agency in charge of pollution control, established in 1970, air pollution, water pollution, land pollution
TSCA
The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 provides EPA with authority to require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or mixtures. They can regulate, restrict and possibly ban chemicals.
Explanation of environmental justice
Environmental Justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. EPA has this goal for all communities and persons across this Nation.
Costs and benefits of environmental regulations
Costs- 160 billion a year, Job loss in some industries.
Benefits- Emissions have dropped since 1970, improved air and water quality, improved health...
Stages of the corporate environmental responsibility model
Clean technology- new technology that support sustainability
Product stewardship- focus on life-cycle of product
Pollution prevention- eliminating waste before it is created
Ecologically sustainable organization
Companies that; operate with sustainable development, ideal standard against which real organizations can be measured, supporting government policies
Vision of sustainability
Sustainability is a theoretical point in the future when human society is in balance with the natural flows and systems of this planet
What is Cloud computing
Web based services allowing people to purchase user ability online.
Various phases of technology
Nomadic-agrarian; until 1650 harvesting
Agrarian; 1650-1900 planting/harvesting
Industrial; 1900-1960 building material goods
Service; 1960-1975 providing services
Information; 1975-2000 thinking and design
Semantic; 2000-today relevance and context
Meaning of BIotechnology
Using living organisms in engineering, cloning, stem cell research, genetically modified foods...
E-business
Online business, buying and selling goods and services between businesses, organizations, and individuals electronically via internet systems
Digital divide
THe gap between those who do have access to technology and those who do not
differences between Phishing, Pharming and Tweeting
Phishing- conning computer users to reveal their passwords under false pretenses
Pharming- Hacking technique used to send the user to a different unsafe website
Tweeting- posting updates online
FTC security concepts
take stock, scale down, lock it, pitch it, plan ahead.... encouraging users to be very cautious about their online content.
CIO and responsibilities
Chief Information officer, responsible for managing technology, including any security issues
E-business
Online business, buying and selling goods and services between businesses, organizations, and individuals electronically via internet systems
Digital divide
THe gap between those who do have access to technology and those who do not
differences between Phishing, Pharming and Tweeting
Phishing- conning computer users to reveal their passwords under false pretenses
Pharming- Hacking technique used to send the user to a different unsafe website
Tweeting- posting updates online
FTC security concepts
take stock, scale down, lock it, pitch it, plan ahead.... encouraging users to be very cautious about their online content.
CIO and responsibilities
Chief Information officer, responsible for managing technology, including any security issues
GetNetWise
GetNetWise is a public service brought to you by Internet industry corporations and public interest organizations to help ensure that Internet users have safe, constructive, and educational or entertaining online experiences.
Intellectual property
The ideas, concepts, and other symbolic creations of the human mind
Digital Millennium Copyright act
Passed in 1998 making it a crime to circumvent anti-piracy measures built into most commercial software
Public opinion on genetically modified foods
There was controversy at first but the general public has slowly accepted the presents of GMO's
Characteristics of Stockholders
Legal owners of corporations,
Individual stockholders own stock
Institutions such as funds hold stocks
Institutional stockholders
Such as; pension funds, mutual funds, insurance companies, and university endowments
Board of directors
Elected group of individuals who who have had a legal duty to establish corporate objectives, develop broad policies, and select top-level personnel to carry out these objectives and policies. work done through committees
Agency problem
When problems arise between agencies, stockholders and goals or views on the company
Pros and Cons of high executive pay
Pros- simply being rewarded for good work, provides an incentive for good work, not anyone is capable of running large organizations like these
Cons- Hurts ability of U.S. firms to compete with foreign rivals, causes resentment, rewards not linked to success
SEC mission
Securities and Exchange Commission 1934- Mission is to protect stockholders rights by making sure that the stock markets are run fairly and that investment information is fully disclosed
Responsibility of business related to safeguarding consumers
5 rights of consumers
To provide consumer with better info when making purchases
To protect consumers against possible hazards
To promote consumer choice
To protect privacy
The Consumer Federation of America
The Consumer Federation of America (CFA) is an association of non-profit consumer organizations that was established in 1968 to advance the consumer interest through research, advocacy, and education.
Goal of consumer movement, rights of consumers, consumer protection laws
The right to be informed, the right to safety, the right to choose, the right to be heard, the right to privacy
The Truth in Lending Act
Truth in Lending Act (TILA), passed in 1968, is a federal law that regulates the credit market and sets minimum standards for the information that a creditor must provide in an installment credit contract.
Children's Online Privacy Act
Websites that are collecting information from children under the age of thirteen are required to comply with Federal Trade Commission of getting parental consent
Doctrine of strict Liability
The doctrine of strict liability imposes legal responsibility for injuries sustained by or as a result of an actor's conduct, whether or not the actor used reasonable ...