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16 Cards in this Set

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Tuberculosis constitutes an important pportunistic infection among individuals infected with _____________?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
This skin test is the most sensitive and specific test available for identifying those who are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
PPD (purified protein derivative)
The PPD test is administered by what method?
Mantoux method
What is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium
An infected person has about a ______ percent lifetime risk of developing tuberculosis.
5
What is the most effective measure to prevent the development of of tuberculosis desease in a newly infected person?
Preventive therapy with isoniazid (INH)
In this type of tuberculosis, A a person has symptoms, signs, radiographic, or lab evidence of pulmonary, meningeal, miliary, or extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
Active Disease
What is the most common form of active disease? Why does it cause the most concern?
1. Pulmonary tuberculosis
2. Because of the potential to transmit the infection by airborne route
This skin test uses a syringe and needle to inject purified protein derivative (PPD) of tuberculin.
Mantoux Method
What is the intermediate strength of PPD? Low strength?
Intermediate strength 5 tuberculin units (TU)
Low strength 1/5 (1 TU)
What is Induration?
Area around the site of tuberculin injectino that is raised and firm to touch
This is a person with an area of induration to a 5 TU skin test when read 48-72 hours after administration.
Tuberculin Reactor
Define Tuberculin nonreactor
A person with an area induration of less than 5 mm to a 5 TU skin test
These vaccines are made from live attenuated mycobacteria strains and are comonly used in some countries in an attempt to prevent vaccinees from becoming infected with TB.
BCG Vaccine
Who is responsible for the maintenance of an effective TB Control Program in his/her command?
Each Commander, CO, or OIC
Where in your medical record are TB skin tests indicated?
In the sensitivity tests section of the Immunization Record, SF 601