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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Where are current MDRIs adapted from?
Food and Nutrition Board Recommended Dietary Allowances
Who reviews the MDRIs with each DRI update published and makes necessary changes to this regulation?
The Surgeon General (TSG), Department of the Army (DA)
Do MDRIs reflect nutritional needs of pregnant/lactating military women?
No, these individuals require assessment of needs by qualified medical professionals
TRUE/FALSE MDRIs do not reflect nutritional needs of individuals requiring medical nutrition therapy for conditions such as illness, injury, infection, chronic disease, and trauma.
TRUE
Conditions for special nutrition requirements that require consultation with TSG of the appropriate service include?
Military members operating in protective clothing for prolonged periods of time
Not all nutrients have an RDA, name the two approved exceptions.
Potassium and Sodium *Exceptions will be approved by TSG
Menu design will incorporate principles from what two organizations?
1. Dietary Guidelines for Americans (US Dept Agriculture Health/Human Service)
2. Food Guide Pyramid (US Dept of Agriculture)
When averaged, how will MDRIs be met?
Over a 5-10 day period
What standard reference will be used for nutrient composition?
Most recent release of the US Dept of Agriculture Nutrient Database for Standard Reference
Operational and restricted rations are designed for military personnel in what area of operations?
Wide variety of operations, actual or simulated combat situations for limited period of time
Operational rations include what two types of rations?
Individual: MRE (Meal, Ready to Eat)
Group: T-ration, Unitized B ration, Unitized Group Rations (UGR-A and UGR-H&S – heat and serve)
For Operational rations, total calories from fat should not exceed what percentage of calories?
35%
Basic nutrient information on all rations is available on what publication?
NATICK PAM 30-25, Operational Rations of the DOD
What does the acronym NSOR stand for?
Nutritional standards for operational and restricted rations
The NSOR do not apply to what two types of rations?
Survival and Restricted
Restricted rations are nutritionally incomplete rations used in what situations?
Operational scenarios such as long patrols/reconnaissance, when troops must subsist for short periods of up to 10 days
The MRE may be consumed as the sole ration for up to how many days?
21 days
What are the reference measures for weight and height of military members? (Men/Women)
Men 174lbs and 69 inches
Women 136lbs and 64 inches
Military personnel working in prolonged, vigorous physical training may have energy requirements that exceed what percent of the MDRI?
125%
MDRIs for energy are established for personnel working in what climate?
Temperate
Work in severe cold may result in _______ energy requirements.
very high
How much can energy requirements increase in mildly cold temperatures (32-57 degrees F) ?
5 to 10%
No adjustment to energy requirements appears to be necessary for environmental temperatures between ____ and _____ degrees F.
68 - 86
For temperatures in the 86 to 104 degree F range, energy requirments may increase ____ to _____%
2.5 to 10%
For high altitude operations, energy requirements are increased at what altitude?
Altitudes greater than 10,000 feet
Energy requirements of individuals performing strenuous work in high-mountain areas may reach how many calories per day?
6,000 to 7,000
Approximately ____ to ____ percent of total calories consumed should come from foods/beverages with carbohydrate sources?
50 to 55%
What is the range of protein per kg of body weight used during periods of intense physical activity?
0.8 to 1.5 gram (g) per kg body weight
What is protein range intake of g/day for men? Women?
Men 63 - 119 g/day
Women 50 - 93 g/day
The MDRI for protein is met when protein intake comprises of ____ to ____ percent of total energy.
10 to 15%
In military dining facilities, menu planners will establish menus with ____% or less total calories from fat.
30%
Saturated fat should be limited to what percentage of total calories?
10%
Cholesterol should be limited to no more than _____mg/day.
300 mg
What is the beverage of choice for preventing dehydration?
Cool water (plain or flavored)
How much fluid intake is required during periods of light to moderate activity in a temperate climate?
1 quart of beverage per 1,000 calories expended
What is the recommended daily amount of beverage to be consumed by troops working in warm weather?
4 to 6 quarts
During first few days of exposure to high altitude, recommend a daily supplement of ____ to ____ quarts beverage that contains ____ to ____g carbohydrate/quart to minimize hypohydration and altitude sickness
2 to 3 quarts
50 to 100g
After first few days of exposure to high altitude, carbohydrate content of beverage supplement may increase to?
100 to 125g carbohydrate/quart
True/False The use of salt tablets is recommended.
False
The carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage should meet what criteria?
1. Carbs from sugars/starch in concentration of 5 - 12%
2. Electrolytes provided as 10 to 30 mEq of sodum per liter and 2 to 5 mEq of potassium per liter
In support of military weight control programs, each meal should contain approximately how many calories?
500