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50 Cards in this Set

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What instruction covers Nutritions Standards and Education ?
BUMEDINST 10110.6
What are MDRI's?
Military Dietary Reference Intakes.
The ______ and ______, will review the MDRIs with each
DRI update published, and make necessary changes to this regulation.
Surgeon General (TSG),Department of the Army (DA)
USARIEM stands for?
United States Army Research Institute of
Environmental Medicine
What techincal note documents the basis for the MDRIs?
Technical Note TN-00/10
The MDRIs are?
quantitative estimates of
Nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for the healthy military population.
True or false? MDRIs do not reflect the nutritional needs of pregnant or lactating military women nor of those individuals requiring medical nutrition therapy for conditions such as illness, injury, infection, chronic disease, and trauma.
True.
Certain conditions have special nutrition requirements not covered in this regulation (for example, when military members operate in protective clothing for prolonged periods of time). These conditions require consultation with _______ of the appropriate service(s).
The Surgeon General.
Not all nutrients have an established recommended dietary allowance (RDA) or DRI. Usually, no MDRI is established if there is no RDA or DRI for a given nutrient. Exceptions will be approved by TSG, DA. Two approved
exceptions in this regulation are for ______ and _______.
Potassium and Sodium.
The MDRIs will be met, when averaged, over a __ to __ day period.
5 to 10.
The most recent release of the ____________ will be used as the standard reference for nutrient composition.
United States Department of Agriculture Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.
MRE stands for?
Meal-Ready-to-Eat.
Operational rations include?
the individual ration (Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRE)) and group feeding rations (T-ration,
Unitized B ration, and Unitized Group Rations (UGR-A and UGR-H&S (heat and serve)).
Total calories from fat should not exceed ____ % of calories for operational rations.
35 percent.
The MRE may be consumed as the sole ration for up to __ days.
21
Restricted rations are nutritionally incomplete rations used in certain operational scenarios, such as long-range patrol and reconnaissance, when troops are required to subsist for short periods (up to __ days) carrying minimal weight.
10.
True or False? The NSOR does apply to survival rations.
False.
What does NSOR stand for?
Nutritional Standards for Operational Rations.
The GP-I contains _____ calories.
1447
The Food Packet, Survival, Abandon Ship ration and the Food Packet, Survival, Aircraft/Life Raft ration both contain approximately ____ calories, and are strictly short-term survival rations.
300
Energy requirements reference measures of height and weight represent the ___ percentile of military men and women.
50th
Body size. Reference measurements for weight and height of military men are pounds ___ and ____ inches.
174 (79 kilograms) and 69 inches (175 centimeters)
Body size. Reference measurements for weight and height of military women are ______ pounds and ______ inches.
136 pounds (62 kg) and 64 inches (163 cm).
Military personnel doing heavy work or involved in prolonged, vigorous physical training may have energy requirements that exceed ___ percent of the MDRI for energy (for example, 4000 to 5000 calories/day).
125
Body size. Reference measurements for weight and height of military men are pounds ____ and ____ inches.
174 (79 kilograms) and 69 inches (175 centimeters)
True or False? Prolonged exposure to environmental extremes such as cold or heat may affect energy needs.
True
Even mildly cold temperatures (__ to __ degrees F) can increase energy requirements __to __ percent.
32 to 57, 5 to 10
Hot environment. No adjustment to energy requirements appears to be necessary for environmental temperatures between 68 and 86 degrees F. For temperatures in the ___ to ___ degree F range, energy requirements may increase ___ to ___ percent.
86 to 104, 2.5 to 10
Energy requirements for high-altitude operations, altitudes greater than _______ feet(3050 meters), are substantially increased.
10,000
Energy requirements of individuals performing extremely strenuous work in high-mountain areas may reach _____to ____ calories a day.
6,000 to 7,000
Approximately __ to __ percent of total calories consumed should come from foods and beverages with carbohydrate sources.
50 to 55
The MDRIs for protein are based on levels established in the RDAs and on requirements during periods of intense physical activity; they range from?
0.8 to 1.5 gram (g) protein per kg body weight.
What is the gram per day protien intake range for men?
63 to 119 g/day
What is the gram per day protien range intake for women?
50 to 93 g/day
In military dining facilities, menu planners will establish menus with ___ percent or less of total calories from fat.
30
Saturated fat should be limited to ___ percent of total calories and cholesterol should be limited to no more than ___ milligrams (mg)/day.
10, 300
During periods of light to moderate activity in a temperate climate, an intake of _____ of beverage per 1,000 calories expended is a reasonable
goal.
1 quart
The recommended daily consumption of beverage for troops when working in warm weather is?
4 to 6 quarts
Personnel wearing nuclear, biological, chemical clothing routinely produce _______
of sweat per hour.
1 to 2 quarts
How much does high altitudes increase daily water needs?
4 to 6 quarts per day
During the first few days of exposure to high altitude, recommend a daily supplement of ______ beverage that contains _______ carbohydrate/quart to minimize hypohydration and altitude sickness.
2 to 3 quarts, 50 to 100 g
After the first few days of working in high altitude, carbohydrate content of
beverage supplement may increase to?
100 to 125 g carbohydrate/quart
Certain conditions justify the use of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage. These conditions include: when soldiers maintain continuous physical activity for periods beyond?
3 hours
When soldiers have poor nutritional intake or sustain an energy deficit of ______ calories or more per day the use of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages are justied.
1,000
The use of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages are justied when?
When sweat loss is high and electrolytes are not adequately
replaced by diet.
The carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage should meet these criteria:
5 to 12 percent sugars or starch, 10 to 30 milliequivalents (mEq) of sodium per liter of electrolytes, and 2
to 5 mEq of potassium per liter
In support of military weight control programs, each military dining facility will offer reduced calorie menus, of _____ to _____calories a day, reflecting the guidelines of the Food Guide Pyramid.
1,500 to 1,600
In support of military weight control programs,total fat should not exceed ___ percent of the energy value.
30
In support of military weight control programs, each meal should contain approximately ____ calories.
500
In support of military weight control programs,Military dining facilities serving populations with high energy needs, such as initial entry trainees, will offer a menu containing ___ to___ calories per meal.
600 to 700