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39 Cards in this Set

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Savior Buddha of the Pure Land in the West and the Buddha of central importance to the Pure Land movement. Also named Amityaus(Buddha of infinite life)
Amitabha
Impermanence. Along with anatman and dubkba (suffering), one of the "Three Marks" of existence
Anitya
A term used in Theravada Buddhism for a saint ot one who has attained enlightenment
Arbat
Compassionate savior bodhisattva and protector of tibet.
Avalokiteshvara
Any person who has taken a vow to become a buddha and lives a life of compassion intent on the goal of his or her own enlightenment and the enlightenment of others
Bodhisattva
the title for someone who is enlightened. When capatilized, it usually refers to the Buddha Sakyamuni
Buddha
A school of Buddhism that emphasizes meditation as the heart of Buddhist practice
Ch'an
Temporal and spiritual leader of Tibet thought to be one of a line of successive reincarnation of Avalokiteshvara.
Dali Lama
the word has many meanings most of which refer to what is true or real. Often used specifically to refer to the teachings of the Buddha Sakyamuni and philosophically to refer to basic elements of reality. Aslo translated as truth, doctrine, and LAw
Dharma
The first of the Four Noble Truths usually translated as suffering or unsatisfactoriness
Dubkba
The development of wisdom, moral, purity, and mental discipline leading to nirvana. Usually listed as right view, right thought, right speech, right conduct, right livlihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right meditation. Also known as the Middle Way
Eightfold path
Those Aryan (Noble) truths are considered by many to be the heart of the Buddha's teachings. They are (1) suffering, (2) cause of suffering, (3) cessation of suffering, and (4) Eight-fold path, or Middle Way
Four Noble Truths
the family name of the historical buddha of this age, Buddha Sakyamuni, whose personal name is Siddhartha.
Guatama
Yana means "vehicle" and hina can be translated as "smaller, lesser and baser". A pejorative name given by Mahayana Buddhists to some of the other schools
Hinayana
stories of the past lives of the Buddha Sakyamuni that are very popular and well known among many Buddhists
Jataka
In general it refers to action or deed, specifically, to any intentional deed (oftern ritualistic or moral) that will cause effects in this life or the next.
Karma
A riddle used for meditation in Zen Buddhism
Koan
Sanskrit term meaning Great Vehicle used by the one of the three main branches of Buddhism
Mahayana
A sanskrit word meaning circle and used to refer to structured space symbolically depicting various levels of the universe and different buddhas and bodhisattvas. Widely used in Tantric buddhism for purposes of visualization meditations.
Mandala
A set of sounds that have spiritual potency. They are frequently chanted in worship and as a focus for meditation
mantra
The tempter of Buddha and others who is concerned with keeping people living in the realm of desire over which he rules
Mara
Symbolic hand gestures widely used in Vajrayana ritual
mudra
The third noble trugh and the soteriological goal of buddhism-release from desire, ignorance, hatred, and in general, suffering. Sometimes used to refer to enlightenment and also used to refer to parinirvana.
Nirvana
wisdom of a true understanding of the nature of reality
prajna
A paradise like heaven where devotees may be reborn after death. Often used specifically of Western Pure Land of Amitabha and the Pure Land school centering on his worship
Pure Land
The buddhist community in general (lay and monastic) and, more narrowly, the monastic community of monls and nuns
Sangba
Buddhist term for a sudden awakening or insight
Satori Zen
Usually translated as "emptiness". It refers specifically to the lack of any inherent selp existence (svabbava) in things
Shunyata
Means "aggregate" and usually refers to the five aggregates of individual existence : form, feelings, perceptions, dispositions or karmic constituents and consciousness
Skandha
A moundlike structure usually containing a relic of the Buddha Sakyamuni and a place for pilgrimage and worship
Stupa
Any discourse attributed to the Buddha and one of the principal divisiions of the buddhist canon
sutra
The substance of a thing understood as independantly existing. Usually translated as "self existent"
Svabhava
A group of writings setting forth the ideas and practices of Tantric Buddhism, which some consider a shortcut to enlightenment, These practices often involve violating the traditional norms of society and traditional monastic vows (such as drinking and sexuality) in order to shopw that the truly enlightened are free from ordinary rules.
Tantras
Female savior bodhisattva often associated with Avalokiteshvara and popular in Tibet
Tara
Literally, the "Thus -Come One" and a title used for the Buddha
Tathagata
A sect or school within Nikaya Buddhism meaning the "Teachings of the Elders"
Theravada
The "Three Jewels" or "Three refuges"; the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangba
Triple Gems
Refers to the "Diamond (or thunderbolt) Vehicle" that is one of the three main branches of Buddhism
Vajrayana
Se4ated meditation, a practice common in Zen
Zazen