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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aedicule
A decorative niche for a stature or a tabernacle
Aisles
Lateral division of space parallel to the nave
Anagogy
The power of a physical form, space, or quality to induce spiritual awareness
Barlong
The rectangular module that defines the definitive plan layout for High Gothic vaulting
Boss
A wedge shaped top member of a vault or arch, a keystone
Clerestory
The upper zone of a church with windows
Great Wheel
A large windlass powered by one or two men who walk inside the wheel to raise a load
Lierne
Short, purely decorative, intermediate vaulting rib that does not rise from the main springer and is not a ridge rib
Lagging
Wood planks placed between vaults from which masons could work
Pinnacle
A spire on top of a buttress that has the structural effect of reducing shear
Rood
Crucifix used in the chancel of a Christian church
Scholasticism
Philosophical movement dominant in western Christian civilization
from the 9th until the 17th centuries that attempts to achieve a synthesis of Christian
revelation and dogma with classical philosophical thought. It took place within the
organization of “scholastic guilds” or universities with the Church having a heavy hand
in the ways in which they were organized within monasteries. Scholasticism includes
three movements: Augustinism (conservative), Averröes scholasticism (inspired by
Arabic philosophers) and Thomism (synthesis of reason and faith).
Tas-Des-Charge
The cutting of the bearing faces of the masonry components of the ribs so that they are normal to the curvature of the arch
Tierceron
Intermediate vaulting rib that rises from the main springer and terminates at the ridge rib
Tracery
Patternwork of stone filling a Gothic window
Transept
The part of a cruciform church that projects at a right angle from the nave
Webbing
The stone construction that spans the spaces between ribs in Gothic vaulting
Windlass
A lifting maching consisting essentially of a horizontal cylinder turned by a crank so that a line attached to the load is wound around the cylinder