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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
short-term memory
Your memory for immediate events.
Working memory
Limited duration
Limited capacity
long-term memory
Your memory for events that have happened in the past
2 minutes – 100 years
Unlimited duration
Unlimited capacity
duration
A measure of how long a memory lasts before it is
no longer available
capacity
A measure of how much can be held in memory.
Measured in terms of bits of information i.e. number of digits
chunking
Meaningful units of information
Increases capacity of STM
central executive
Monitors and coordinates all other mental functions in working memory
phonological loop
Encodes speech sounds in working memory
Rehearsal
visuo-spatial sketchpad
Encodes visual information in terms of separate objects as well as the arrangement of these objects in one’s visual field
episodic buffer
1.Receives input from many sources
2. Temporarily stores
3. Integrates information
4. Constructs a mental episode of what is being experienced now
word length effect
The observation that people remember lists of short words better than lists of long words.
eyewitness testimony
Evidence provided in court by a witness of crime.
Accuracy may be affected: during initial encoding, during storage, during retrieval
leading (misleading) questions
Question that, either by its form or by its content, suggests to the witness what answer is desired
cognitive interview
A police technique for interviewing witnesses, encouraging them to recreate the original context, to increase accessibility of stored information.
mnemonic techniques
Any structured technique used to help people remember and recall information
elaborative rehearsal
Deeper processing for meaning which is then repeated.