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17 Cards in this Set

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Oliver Cromwell
The Commonwealth;
1649-58;
Puritan;
Nicknamed the "Lord Protector. Was the Puritan Leader of the Civil War.
Charles II
House of Stuart (Restoration);
1660-85;
Catholic;
New York, Carolinas, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware;
Was hiding out in France after the English Civil War, when he was invited back by the English upper class. Kicks the Dutch out of America in order to reward his supporters. Only revealed that he was Catholic on his deathbed.
James I
House of Stuart;
1603-25;
Presbyterian;
Jamestown & Pilgrim colony;
Was James VI of Scotland. Son of Mary, Queen of Scots, a Catholic who fled the Presbyterian uprising, and was later executed by Elizabeth I. Raised Presbyterian, and ascended British throne after the death of the childless Elizabeth.
Henry VII
House of Tudor;
1485-1509;
Catholic;
Father of Henry VIII
Charles I
House of Stuart;
1625-49;
Anglican;
Massachusetts;
Believed in "divine right" and dissolved Parliament, which brought about the English Civil War, in which he was beheaded by the Puritans.
George III
House of (Brunswick) Hanover;
1760-1820;
Anglican;
Finishes the 7 year's War, and rules during the American Revolution. Goes insane.
Anne
House of Stuart;
1702-14;
Anglican;
Daughter of William and Mary. Never married, and didn't have any children. Homely, but was a particularly good monarch.
Lady Jane Grey
None;
1553;
Anglican;
Pretender to the throne- had a short one week rule after Edward's death, and was executed upon Mary's arrival. Never coronated.
Edward VI
House of Tudor;
1547-53;
Anglican;
A sickly boy- ascended the throne after the death of his father, Henry VIII, and had a short rule.
William III and Mary II
House of Orange and Stuart;
1689-1702;
Anglican;
Mary II, sister of both Charles II and James II, had married William of Orange, King of the Dutch. They were invited to England to rule after the Glorious Revolution. After Mary's death, William continued to rule, which was an oddity, as he wasn't apart of the bloodline.
George II
House of (Brunswick) Hanover;
1727-60;
Anglican;
Georgia;
Went to England, but never learned the language. Was ruler during King George's War and the 7 years War.
Mary I
House of Tudor;
1553-58;
Catholic;
Nicknamed "Bloody Mary"- heavily persecuted the Anglicans. Married to King Philip of Spain.
James II
House of Stuart (Restoration);
1685-88;
Catholic;
Formerly the Duke of York. Brother of Charles II. Publicly announced that he was a Catholic, which was tolerable until his wife had a child. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 saw him abdicate before any blood was spilled. He was exiled.
Henry VIII
House of Tudor;
1509-47;
Anglican;
Divorce with Catherine of Aragon precipitates the creation of the Anglican church. Had 6 wives in an attempt to have a male heir. Their fates are described in this short rhyme: "Divorced, beheaded, died,/Divorced, beheaded, survived".
George I
House of (Brunswick) Hanover;
1714-27;
Anglican;
A German branch of the royal family, to whom the English upper class looked to after the Stuarts died out. Was weak, and controlled by ministers. Never learned English, and never went to England.
Elizabeth I
House of Tudor;
1558-1603;
Anglican;
Roanoke;
Elizabeth leads England into the Enlightenment, or the "Elizabethan era". Nicknamed the Virgin Queen. In power when the Spanish Armada attacked in 1588.
Richard Cromwell
The Commonwealth;
1658-59;
Puritan;
Son of Richard Cromwell. Took throne after father's death, but was kicked out in favor of Charles II.