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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alliteration
consonance and assonance
repitition of a vowal or consonant
theme
main topic or idea
onomatopoeia
word that is spelled exactly as it is expressed outloud
ex. boom
imagery
words or groups of words that form a mental image
symbol
sign
connotation
secondary meaning or hidden meaning
not directly expressed
denotation
expressed meaning
implied, direct
figurative
metapphorical
literal
strait-forward
exact
allusion
casual reference
apostrophe
address to an abesent and/or imangary person
tone
author created
atmosphere
mood
how the reader feels afterwards
end rhyme
rhyme in the last lines of a poem
approximate rhyme
close but not perfect rhymes
look like they should rhyme but don't sound like it
ex. lap, shape
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line or passage
meter (iambic pentameter)
rhymatic pattern

10 syllables stress then unstressed
personification
giving an object a human trait
ex. the trees branched reached out to the sky for life
sonnet
14 lines, iambic pentameter, expresses a single thought,
Petrarchean (Italian) Sonnet
1st 8 lines -octave
abbaabba
last 6 lines-sestet
cdcdcd ???????
Spenserian (English) Sonnet
a b a b b c b c c d c d e e
Shakespearean (Elizabethan) sonnet
a b a b
c d c d
e f e f
g g
3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet
epic
long poem about an epic hero who has a series of great accomplishments
lyric
short emotional poem
ode
pome dedicated to someone or something
free verse
poem with no set structure
blank verse
not rhyming
quatrain
stanza or poem with four rhyming lines
all rhyming or alternating
couplet
pair that rhyme and are the same lenght
octave
stanza or poem of eight rhyming lines
sestet
stanza or poem of six rhyming lines
irony
use of words to create a meaning that is the opposite
narrative irony
distance of knowledge between author/narrator/character/
reader
allegory
fable
symbolic narritive
essay
short literary composition about a particular topic
expositary essay
explain or aquainte the reader with a certain topic
narrative essay
story told from the narrartor's point of view, who is tipicall yourself about yourself
persuasive essay
essay that attempts to persuade the reader to share the author's opinion on a topic
critical essay
statement of opinion
usually expresses both postive and negative aspects
personal essay
express what the author thinks and feels about a particular topic
parallelism
likeness
similarity
point of view
how the story is being told
who the narrator is
first person
omniscient
author is telling the story from their point of view
retelling of a story where the author now knows everything
first limited
author is telling the story as they are experiencing it
doesn't know everything
third
omniscient
he,she, it, they, tell the story
retelling where the narrator knows everything
third limited
he, she, it, they, tell the story as they are experiencing it
don't know everything
satire
pokes fun at an idea or way to provoke change
aphorism
witty statement of wisdom
ex. children should be seen not heard
colloquialism
characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
stream of consciousness
character's thoughts or perceptions are presented as occurring in random form, without regard for logical sequences, syntactic structure, distinctions between various levels of reality, or the like
anecdote
short account of a particular nature usually amusing
aside
characters on stage can not hear it
intented for the audiece's ears, to let them in on something
elegy
mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem
euphemism
the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
ex. pass away=to die
idiom
a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people.
parody
pokes fun at a topic just to make fun of or insult